Commentaries & Articles
The Indus Water Treaty @ 60: Precariously Poised
The Indus Water Treaty (IWT) was signed by India and Pakistan in 1960 after nine years of tortuous negotiations, facilitated by the World Bank. Pakistan was extremely unhappy during the negotiations as it felt that the treaty was unfair to it. Eventually, it fell in line because the World Bank offered rewards along with an implicit threat that aid to Pakistan will be withheld if it did not agree to sign the Treaty.
National Security Planning
(The following is an updated version of talk delivered by Director, Vivekananda International Foundation, New Delhi to the National Defence College, New Delhi faculty and officers on 17 September 2020) India’s national security environment has become increasingly complex over the years. Covid has made the international environment extremely certain politically, economically and socially. Planning for national security at a time of extreme uncertainty and flux in international relations is a difficult task.
Tactically Speaking…
-A Soldier from the Line of Actual Control*
On 29 August 2020, as we had got ready to move, there was a feeling of expectancy. It had little to do with the devious adversary, the breath-taking heights, the extreme of weather or the severe windy conditions.
Defence Production and Export Promotion Policy 2020: Effective Implementation is the Key
Following closely on the heels of Draft Defence Acquisition Procedure (DAP) 2020, which was open for comments till 10 Aug 2020, the Ministry of Defence (MoD) has formulated another document called Defence Production and Export Promotion Policy 2020, in short referred to as DPEPP 20201. The two are differentiated in the sense that while the DAP is centered towards ‘acquisition’ the thrust of DPEPP 2020 is ‘production’ and ‘export’.
भारत का वस्तु एवं सेवा कर (जीएसटी) और उसके पड़ोसी देश
नरेन्द्र मोदी सरकार ने जुलाई 2017 में जब वस्तु एवं सेवा कर (जीएसटी) को लागू किया तब हमारे कुछ छोटे कद के पड़ोसियों के मन में इसको लेकर कुछ शंकाएं थीं। वह यह कि भारत को उनकी वस्तुओं के निर्यात-कारोबार में जीएसटी मजबूत अड़ंगा लगाएगा। कहने की आवश्यकता नहीं कि उनकी ये आशंकाएं बिल्कुल निराधार थीं क्योंकि जीएसटी एक आंतरिक कर-व्यवस्था थी। इसने स्रोत और विनिमय-आधारित पुरातन कर-व्यवस्था को वस्तुओं की पहुंच वाले स्थान कराधान द्वारा बदल दिया है, जो हरेक वस्तु और सेवा के लिए पूरे देश में समान कर लिया जाना सुनिश्चित करता है। अब तो यह स्पष्ट हो गया है कि निर्यात को जीएसटी के साथ मिला देने से भारत के छोटे पड
China’s Militarisation of South China Sea
In September 2015 from the lawns of the White House, Xi Jinping announced that China would not militarise the South China Sea. Five years down the line, the picture is a complete contrast. As on today, China has effectively completed militarising the Spratly and Paracel island groups.
Doha Talks: a Long Road Ahead
The al-Qaeda led-terrorist attack on September 11, 2001, impelled America to wage ‘global war on terror’. Consequently, the United States toppled the Taliban regime (1996-2001) in Afghanistan for giving sanctuary to the terrorist group, al-Qaeda. On September 12, 2020, the world has come to a full circle as the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan kicked off negotiations with the Taliban in Doha to end the ongoing conflict in the country. If the talks succeed, the power structure in Kabul will include the Taliban.
VIF News Digests
Global Developments And Analysis: Weekly Monitor
September 14, 2020
Global Developments and Analysis: Weekly Monitor, 7 September - 13 September 2020

Economic China to revive international yuan drive along belt and road countries China aims to use the yuan “as much as...

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Science and Technology
September 15, 2020
Science and Technology News Digest 26 Aug – 13 Sep 2020

Indian physicist discovers bacterium-sized deformity in neutron star 4,500 light years away August 27, 2020 A tiny change...

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China Daily Digest
September 18, 2020
China: Daily Scan, September 18, 2020

China rolls out new measures to boost reform and development of SOEs and private businesses: Xinhuanet September 18, 2020...

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Neighbourhood News
September 10, 2020
VIF Neighbourhood News Digest: September 10, 2020

PAKISTAN Nawaz declared proclaimed offender: DAWN An accountability court on Wednesday declared former Prime Minister Nawaz...

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International Development
September 9, 2020
VIF News Digest: International Developments (US, Europe and Russia), 15-31 August 2020

I. United States Politics and Society US, Poland sign defence deal for the deployment of troops, 16 August 2020. The US and...

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Defense, National Security and Terrorism, VIF Alerts
September 4, 2020
VIF News Digest: National Security - Defence Studies & Terrorism, 16-31 August 2020

DEFENCE Indian assistance to Mauritius to deal with the environmental crisis due to oil spill. NCC all set for a major...

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The Vivekananda International Foundation (VIF) is a New Delhi-based think tank set up with the collaborative efforts of India's leading security experts, diplomats, industrialists and philanthropists under the aegis of the Vivekananda Kendra. The VIF’s objective is to become a centre of excellence to kick start innovative ideas and thoughts that can lead to a stronger, secure and prosperous India playing its destined role in global affairs.

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