Commentaries & Articles
The Iraqi Political Conundrum
Iraq’s problems do not seem to go away. Any effort for a domestic stabilization always meets with an unequal and more intense opposing force. Politico- religious leaders hold the sway. External powers play their own games in keeping their stables always charged. People are totally dissatisfied and disgruntled by the political dispensation at least since 2003. Removal of Saddam Hussein should have led to some stability and a way forward to meet the democratic aspirations of the ordinary Iraqi but that precisely is not the case.
Gorbachev’s Legacy: A Reformer Who Lost the Game
Mikhail Gorbachev, the last General Secretary of the Soviet Communist Party and the last president of the Soviet Union, passed away in Moscow on 30 August 2022 at the age of 91. He was no ordinary leader. He was the principal architect of the end of the cold war who, through his liberal reformist policy of perestroika, unwittingly presided over the dissolution of the Soviet Union. The forces of change, unleashed by perestroika, became uncontrollable. Gorbachev wanted to make the socialist system, of which he had been an inseparable part, more ‘democratic’ and humane’.
Sheikh Hasina India visit: Reiteration of Tested Ties
Bangladeshi Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina is arriving in India today (5 September 2022) on a 4 day visit. A much anticipated reciprocal visit possibly also a last one before Bangladesh holds its 12th Jatiya Sangsad (parliamentary ) election in 2023. While the two neighbours are likely to agree to conclude at the earliest the proposed Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement, it is also likely to sign a water sharing agreement on river water sharing of Khusiara.
Emerging Synthetic Drug Market in the Bay of Bengal A Case Study of Amphetamine-Type Substances
Introduction Countries surrounding the Bay of Bengal include India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh and Myanmar; besides there are two landlocked countries – Nepal and Bhutan. These countries depend on the Bay of Bengal for several reasons such as marine and natural resources, energy trade, etcetera. The region also hosts vital shipping routes linking the littoral and hinterland to each other and to the rest of the Indian Ocean littorals. Lying at the crossroads between the Indian and Pacific Oceans, it also serves as the key transit point between the two waters.
The man who brought down the Iron Curtain
Russia’s President Vladimir Putin has frequently been quoted as saying that the breakup of the Soviet Union was the greatest geopolitical disaster of the twentieth century. Mikhail Gorbachev, the last President of the USSR, who passed away in Moscow on Tuesday, at the age of 91, was often reviled in Russia as the principal architect of that “geopolitical disaster”. But he was also admired by many elsewhere, particularly in the former Soviet republics that gained independence, and in the countries that could break free from the claustrophobic embrace of the Warsaw Pact.
Belarusian Dynamics in the Context of Russia-Ukraine Crisis
Introduction
Belarus is a European nation with a population of 10million and runs a 1000km long southern border with Ukraine. The political character of the government is a unitary presidential constitutional republic with capital at Minsk.
Pelosi’s visit: Who Won? An after Review
United States’ House Speaker Nancy Pelosi’s visit to Taiwan can be regarded as one of the most surprising events in the international politics. The last visit by a United States speaker to Taiwan was 25 years ago. The major reason given by her for the visit was that Beijing cannot be allowed to “threaten Taiwan – and democracy itself”. So, in a gist one can conclude that the United States is trying to assert that democracies come to the defence of other democracies and also that it is committed to strengthening its ties with Taiwan.
VIF News Digests
China Daily Digest
September 27, 2022
China: Daily Scan, September 27, 2022

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Neighbourhood News
September 27, 2022
VIF Neighbourhood News Digest: September 27, 2022

Afghanistan Taliban denounce Pak PM Sharif’s ‘terror in Afghanistan’ remarks in UNGA address - Hindustan Times Taliban has...

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Global Developments And Analysis: Weekly Monitor
September 20, 2022
Global Developments and Analysis: Weekly Monitor, 12 September - 18 September 2022

Economic World Bank Warns of Global Recession Next Year if Central Banks Lift Interest Rates Too High Central banks’ efforts...

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Africa Now
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Africa Now - Weekly Newsletter (Week 39, 2022)

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Defense, National Security and Terrorism, VIF Alerts
September 21, 2022
VIF News Digest: National Security - Defence Studies & Terrorism, 01-15 September 2022

DEFENCE Indian Army Contingent Participates in Exercise Vostok- 2022. Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi commissions India’...

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International Development
July 3, 2021
VIF News Digest: International Developments (US, Europe and Russia), 16-30 June 2021

I. UNITED STATES Politics and Society Biden, Putin say progress made in Geneva but gulfs on issues remain, 16 June 2021...

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VIF Cyber Review
September 15, 2022
VIF Cyber Review: August 2022

National Telecom equipment manufacturers respond enthusiastically to the design-led incentive programme Indian Prime...

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Myanmar Round Up
September 16, 2022
Myanmar Round-Up: August 2022

In a dismal turn of events, Myanmar’s military chief, Senior General Min Aung Hlaing extended the state of emergency by...

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West Asia Round Up
September 19, 2022
West Asia Roundup: August 2022

Abstract: Suffering from fury of floods and failings of the economy and fast depleting forex reserves, Islamabad once again...

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Global Development and Analysis - Url Archive
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The Vivekananda International Foundation (VIF) is a New Delhi-based think tank set up with the collaborative efforts of India's leading security experts, diplomats and philanthropists under the aegis of the Vivekananda Kendra. The VIF’s objective is to become a centre of excellence to kick start innovative ideas and thoughts that can lead to a stronger, secure and prosperous India playing its destined role in global affairs.

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