Commentaries & Articles
West Asia Round-Up: October 2019
Abstract Arab Spring 2.0 is in full view. The Middle East continued to reverberate with protests and demonstrations against regimes in several countries leading to the exit or resignations of the leaders in Lebanon and Iraq in the same vein as was done in Sudan and Algeria. After weeks of protests Prime Minister Hariri of Lebanon and Prime Minister Mahdi of Iraq tendered resignations partially meeting the demands but situation remains tense as the protesters continue to demand redressal of their real grievances and are concerned about their own wellbeing and future.
Notes from the Sub-continent - October 2019
In this month’s compilation of some of the big ideas being debated in the media across the Indian sub-continent, we look at some big ticket items on the diplomacy and national security fronts - for Bangladesh, the focus is on Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina’s outgoing India tour; for Nepal, it is Chinese President Xi Jinping’s once-in-a-generation incoming visit to Kathmandu. In Sri Lanka, the spotlight was back on the Easter Sunday terror attack, as a parliamentary panel completed its investigation and submitted its report to Parliament.
The Arab Spring 2.0 in Full Swing
The cinders of the Arab Spring of 2010-11 have been reignited after smouldering for a while given the mixed outcomes and unfulfilled promises and expectations. The countries starting with Tunisia, that underwent the revolutions, witnessed minor changes in Egypt and Gulf states and chaos in Libya and Syria. Likewise, while the Tunisian uproar was sui generis, elsewhere it was a mix of external intervention, prolonged excessive repression by dictators and regimes, and pent up frustration of their people. But the end result was a varied spectrum of defeated expectations.
Narendra Modi’s visit to Saudi Arabia
On 28 and 29 October 2019, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi paid a visit to Saudi Arabia and met with King Salman bin Abdulaziz al Saud and the crown prince, Mohammed Bin Salman. The Indian Prime Minister also met with Saudi Environment, Water and Agriculture Minister Abdulrahman bin Abdulmohsen Al-Fadley and Labour and Social Development Minister, Ahmad bin Sulaiman Alrajhi. He also held a meeting with the Jordanian King, Abdullah II during the visit in Riyadh.1
What Makes a Country Secure
What makes a country secure? Traditionally, a strong military was considered the main pillar of national security. Yet history has repeatedly shown that even overwhelming military capabilities cannot always achieve national security objectives. The struggle of the North Vietnamese against the US supported South is a contemporary example of the unmatched defence-in-depth provided by a resilient populace. Another is the retreat of the Soviet Union from Afghanistan. The liberation of Bangladesh also reflects how popular support can be a force-multiplier. Changing Nature of Conflict
हॉन्ग कॉन्ग मसले पर पार्टी के भीतर मतभेद शी चिनफिंग के लिए समस्या
चीन का नेतृत्व हॉन्ग कॉन्ग में 9 सितंबर को हुए विरोध प्रदर्शन की तस्वीरों और वीडियो से भड़का जरूर होगा। वहां प्रदर्शनकारी अमेरिका के झंडे हाथ में लेकर “अमेरिका आओ और हॉन्ग कॉन्ग पर कब्जा कर लो” के नारे लगा रहे थे। ये प्रदर्शन लाखों हॉन्ग कॉन्ग वासियों द्वारा चीनी शासन के खिलाफ 15 से भी अधिक हफ्तों से किए जा रहे विरोध का नतीजा हैं और इनके कारण अंतरराष्ट्रीय मीडिया में चीन का प्रतिकूल प्रचार भी हो रहा है। इससे ‘रंगीन क्रांति’ की वह चिंता भी सामने आती है, जो बाइदेहे में वार्षिक सम्मेलन में वरिष्ठ नेताओं ने जताई थी।
Recent Developments in Kashmir
The spate of criticism faced by India in the international community following its constitutional amendment of Article 370, the restructuring of the state of Jammu and Kashmir, and the pre emptive steps taken by it to preserve peace and tranquillity in the state is totally unwarranted. Such criticism is at best ill informed - as exemplified by the ridiculous assertion of the Malaysian Prime Minister that India invaded Kashmir - and at worst smacks of outright bias.
VIF News Digest
Defense, National Security and Terrorism, VIF Alerts
November 4, 2019
VIF News Digest: National Security- Defence Studies & Terrorism, 16-31 October, 2019

Defence: Indo Maldives Joint Exercise EKUVERIN – 2019; Indo-French Joint Exercise Shakti-2019; Government committed to...

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International Development
October 23, 2019
VIF News Digest: International Events (US, Europe and, Russia and Africa), 3-18 October 2019

US Mulvaney outlines White House Ukraine defense: Quid pro quo was about 2016 not 2020: CNN, 17 October 2019 The White House...

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Neighbourhood News
November 19, 2019
VIF Neighborhood News Digest: November 19, 2019

PAKISTAN 'High-end' air ambulance arrives in Lahore to carry Nawaz abroad for medical treatment: Dawn November 19, 2019 A "...

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