Commentaries & Articles
The US and NATO Withdrawal from Afghanistan and its Effect on the Afghanistan Air Force and the War
Introduction
The US and coalition military forces are withdrawing from Afghanistan after 20 years. The decision was announced by the US president and the withdrawal completion date has been set as 11 Sept 2021. There were many actors which played a part in the intervention by the US and its allies and military was the biggest such actor.
चीनी आक्रमण का एक वर्ष: ऐसे नतीजे जिनकी उम्मीद नहीं थी
हमला चाहे कितना ही सोच-विचार कर किया जाए, कोई भी व्यक्ति कभी भी हमले की हार-जीत या परिणामों का सटीक अनुमान नहीं लगा सकता। हमले के कारण ऐसी कई घटनाएं होंगी जो अनचाही होंगी और कई बार इसमें ऐसे नुकसान उठाने पड़ सकते हैं जो समझ से परे और अप्रत्याशित होंगे। आक्रमण झेलने वाले पक्ष को हमले से कई बार ऐसे अप्रत्याशित लाभ मिल सकते हैं जिन्हें कर्मों का ही फल समझा जा सकता है!
The Importance of Ethiopian Elections
The Parliamentary elections in Ethiopia held on 21 June 2021 come at a very important time for the future of Ethiopia, and the Horn of Africa. With 120 million people, Ethiopia is the second most populous African country. It was economically growing rapidly with 8.4% (2019) falling to 6.1% (2020)1. It provided stability in the region.
Xi Jinping is Taking Steps to Avoid any Surprise by the Opposition
It would be unwise today to discount reports of opposition to Chinese President Xi Jinping. This especially since opposition to him burst into the open first in 2017-2018 when Xi Jinping abolished term limits for the top Party posts at the 18th Party Congress. Dissatisfaction with the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) and Xi Jinping personally, surfaced again in 2020, when the authorities mishandled the outbreak of the Covid pandemic. The period leading to the 20th Party Congress, crucial for Xi Jinping if he wants to continue to lead China, is sensitive.
Fore-warning that could not be Heeded
In mid-April of 2013, with Xi Jinping regime in saddle, the PLA set up a camp nearly 19 kilometres west of the Line of Actual Control (LAC) near the Raki Nala in India’s strategically sensitive Depsang Plains part of Eastern Ladakh. The intrusion came to the countrymen’s notice after some ten days, and that led to much consternation among the people and their representatives in the Parliament, besides, of course, our active television media.
Political Initiatives and Peace Building in J & K: The external and Internal Dimensions
India’s political community and leadership has always been bold in experimentation, especially when it comes to J&K. Instances come to mind of past events such as the decision to conduct elections in 1996 when the externally sponsored campaign of terror was almost at its height. Former Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee’s initiatives always spelt an element of hope, even if they were against the grain of the events of the time. After the path breaking constitutional decisions taken on 5 Aug 2019 many aspects of the handling of the contentious J&K issue also took a turn.
Iran’s Presidential Elections
The Presidential election in Iran has resulted in Mr. Ebrahim Raisi’s victory by 62 percent of the votes. The election coincided with the talks in Vienna to revive the nuclear deal. Both the events came at a time when the situation in Afghanistan is worsening. A protracted civil war or a Taliban takeover in Kabul will have implications for the security of the region. The mujahedin victory in Afghanistan presaged trouble in J&K. There does not appear to be any change in Talibans’ behaviour. They have not accepted Afghanistan’s constitution or the plural civil society in that country.
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The Vivekananda International Foundation (VIF) is a New Delhi-based think tank set up with the collaborative efforts of India's leading security experts, diplomats and philanthropists under the aegis of the Vivekananda Kendra. The VIF’s objective is to become a centre of excellence to kick start innovative ideas and thoughts that can lead to a stronger, secure and prosperous India playing its destined role in global affairs.

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