Commentaries & Articles
US-China: Moving Towards War or Cut-Throat Competition?
Abstract This paper explores the realm of the brewing competition between the US and China, which can easily escalate to military confrontation. India has been forced to make choices away from its long-held belief in hedging and non-alliance. Within the explored areas of competition i.e. high-tech, trade, geopolitics and military prowess, are pointers for India in where to invest and where to get off the dead horse. Xi and CCP may have indulged in some fatal miscalculation, especially in respect of the “will to contest” of India and the US. Introduction
Pakistan: Civil-Military Relations1
Whatever be the constitutional position, one thing is clear that in the final analysis, political sovereignty in Pakistan resides … where the coercive power resides… which is the ultimate authority in the decision-making process in Pakistan. They decide when to abrogate the Constitution; when it should be held in abeyance; when elected governments should be sacked; and when democracy should be given a chance. Behind the scenes, they also decide whether an elected prime minister shall live or die.2 —Roedad Khan
Janakpur-Jaynagar Railway Line: A New Milestone in Nepal-India Relations
People in Nepal and India were shocked when Nepal’s only Janakpur-Jaynagar Railway that connected Janakpur, the holy city of Nepal with Jaynagar, the border town in Bihar, India was closed almost a decade ago. But those people are in rejoicing mood now as India helped Nepal to run the railway train service with modern amenities on this route. Because of this development, people-to-people connectivity apart from the transportation of goods between the two countries is likely to gain further momentum.
How Turkey Succumbed to China on the Uighur issue?
“We have kin in every corner in the world. From the Balkans to Central Asia, from Crimea to North Africa. All incidents, which take place in every single region, directly concern us. So claims about China’s pressure on our siblings in the Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region lead to sensitivity in our public”1 -President Erdogan on Uighur issue (2015)
अयोध्या में राम मंदिर: नेपाल के हिंदुओं ने कैसे मनाया इसका जश्न?
प्रधानमंत्री नरेंद्र मोदी ने 5 अगस्त, 2020 को उत्तर प्रदेश की अयोध्या नगरी में राम मंदिर के निर्माण की आधारशिला रखी। मंदिर 235 फुट चौड़ा, 300 फुट लंबा और 161 फुट ऊंचा होगा, जिसमें पांच मंडप होंगे। मंदिर कुल 84,000 वर्ग फुट भूमि पर होगा, जिसमें प्रार्थना कक्ष, प्रवचन कक्ष, अतिथिगृह और संग्रहालय भी बनाया जाएगा। सबसे अद्भुत बात यह है कि मंदिर निर्माण में लोहे का प्रयोग बिल्कुल भी नहीं किया जाएगा और मंदिर कम से कम 1000 वर्ष तक खड़ा रहेगा। मंदिर निर्माण के लिए भारत के विभिन्न भागों और विदेश से श्रद्धालुओं ने 2 लाख ईंट जमा कर दी हैं, जिन पर "श्री राम" लिखा है।
West Asia Roundup September 2020
Abstract:
Jordan was the last Arab country in 1994 to have normalised relations with Israel. Even though over the years Israel has tried to informally engage with the Arabs especially GCC countries the formalisation of relations with UAE and Bahrain
United Nations at 75
Prime Minister Narendra Modi in his speech to the 75th UNGA session mentioned that the form and structure of the UN reflect the world of 1945. These are inadequate to face the challenges of the 21st century. He also highlighted India’s contribution to the world body, including UN peacekeeping. He stressed that India with 18 % of the world population must be included in the decision-making structures of the UN. This was a reference to the need to expand the permanent members’ category of the UN Security Council and accommodate the world’s largest democracy.
VIF News Digests
Global Developments And Analysis: Weekly Monitor
December 1, 2020
Global Developments and Analysis: Weekly Monitor, 23 November - 29 November 2020

Economic China’s middle class not so rich after all At an October State Council press conference marking the 71st...

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Science and Technology
September 15, 2020
Science and Technology News Digest 26 Aug – 13 Sep 2020

Indian physicist discovers bacterium-sized deformity in neutron star 4,500 light years away August 27, 2020 A tiny change...

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China Daily Digest
December 1, 2020
China: Daily Scan, December 01, 2020

Chinese premier raises four-pronged proposal for SCO's future development: Xinhuanet December 1, 2020 Chinese Premier Li...

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Neighbourhood News
November 24, 2020
VIF Neighbourhood News Digest: November 24, 2020

PAKISTAN PM okays creation of liaison body for spy agencies: DAWN Prime Minister Imran Khan has approved the setting up of...

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International Development
October 20, 2020
VIF News Digest: International Developments (US, Europe and Russia), 1-15 October 2020

I. United States Politics and Society US silence on Armenia-Azerbaijan conflict reflects international disengagement, 4...

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Defense, National Security and Terrorism, VIF Alerts
November 19, 2020
VIF News Digest: National Security - Defence Studies & Terrorism, 01-15 November 2020

DEFENCE Chief of Defence Forces of Kenya visiting. MALABAR-20,Phase-1. Mission Sagar-II. National Defence College (NDC)...

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The Vivekananda International Foundation (VIF) is a New Delhi-based think tank set up with the collaborative efforts of India's leading security experts, diplomats and philanthropists under the aegis of the Vivekananda Kendra. The VIF’s objective is to become a centre of excellence to kick start innovative ideas and thoughts that can lead to a stronger, secure and prosperous India playing its destined role in global affairs.

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