Question For Experts
Q. Swapnil Samant asked : Is China's 'Artificial Sun' project an attempt to control the climate? Whether India (all neighbours) should be concerned?

Replied by VIF :
Yes as you have mentioned it maybe just an attempt to save electricity just like 'Artificial Moon' but the creation of such technologies can just change stakes and dynamics in international politics. The ‘Artificial Sun’ is a major project involving scientists from 35 countries that aims to generate ‘new energy’ sources using nuclear fusion, and China is on course to finish building this before the end of this year, as per, the latest media reports. It is an attempt to create an alternative source of power and the Scientists hope that the ‘Artificial Sun’ will help harness the power of nuclear fusion. China is the first country in the world to develop..

Q. Mradul Pundhir asked : In face of the recent controversies surrounding defence procurement and even many such cases earlier too, will the constitution of board of experts in all defence purchases be a possible option to overcome the issues?

Replied by VIF :
Defence procurement is a very complicated process. The government, learning from precious experiences, upgrades the procurement process periodically. The Defence procurement process of 2016 has been upgraded and amended till 31 Mar 2019. The defence procurement is done in very large variety of equipment's involving all the three services. One board of experts will not be able to perform this task.
Posted on April 24, 2019
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Q. Manish Pandey asked : How will the Government/Industry/Security Professionals/Citizens tackle the increasing threat of Cyber imperialism by China, USA or any other country when Core Cyber infra of India like Telecom towers, Networking equipment, Networking Protocols or even Mobile OS and Processors are owned controlled and often misused by them?

Replied by VIF :
There is no doubt that Nation States compete for an upper hand in technology space, especially when the technology has strategic applications. Cyberspace and the related technologies have strategic relevance and the competition is fierce in every segment be it research, product development or occupying a space in the policy high table for governance. There is no specific solution to the increasing threat of foreign interference when the telecom or communications infrastructure is highly dependent on technology procured from other countries who have a leading edge. Countries might consider preferential treatment to domestic technology supplies, if they exist and are c..

Q. Tarun Singh asked: Demographic dividend is changing in the many states which is a serious issue of internal security. What type of measures should be taken to stop, are Govt. agencies working on it or not?

Replied by VIF :
Our demographic dividend comes from young, working age profile. With so large number of hands working, India can be transformed in quick time. The hurdle comes from lack of infrastructure to suitably raise them, keep them in good health, train them and engage them in fruitful ventures. Taking the nation devastated in every respect during the colonial rule to the present state has not been a mean achievement, but that has not been enough vis-à-vis the population explosion. Rise in futureless youth population has brought with it many additional problems like internal migration leading to social tensions, race for employment, demand for reservations, corruption, illeg..

Q. Ashok Kumar asked: Why is India not able to outshine the influence of China in Myanmar after even establishing a democracy in Myanmar?

Replied by VIF :
While India and China are the two largest and growing economies in Asia, but that does not necessarily attribute similar capabilities and capacities to them. History, geography, culture, governmental systems all contribute to how each state wants to undertake its domestic and foreign policy. India and China cannot be understood through the same lens. Each has its strengths and limitations. Similarly their engagement with Myanmar, has different contours and hues. They are both important neighbour for Myanmar and they enjoy various levels of engagements, spanning strategic, political, economic, and cultural links. For India, its engagement with Myanmar or any other..

Q. Ashok Kumar asked: What are the politico-strategic impact of China's Special Economic Zone in Kyaukphyu in Myanmar and the China-Myanmar Economic corridor on India? Why is India not able to establish such strategic advantages in Myanmar?

Replied by VIF :
Both the projects in Kyaukphyu, consisting of three projects: a deep-sea port, an industrial park, and a residential area and a deep-sea port and the building the China-Myanmar Economic Corridor (CMEC), are been considered key for the Belt and Road Initiative. The Kyaukphyu project is poised to be a trade route with India and towards the West, and will give China access to the Indian Ocean and the deep-sea port will support the oil trade through the Shwe oil-gas pipeline. The China-Myanmar Economic corridor will connect Yunnan and three important economic centers in Myanmar, including Mandalay, Yangon New City and the Special Economic Zone in Kyaukphyu. Besides pr..

Q. Nagoor Raju asked: Recently mehabooba Mufti said that if India removes article 370, Kashmir will become palistine .she compared this as a Israel conflict.Is she trying to involve Arab world as what palistine did?how can we see this comparison?

Replied by VIF :
The analogy of Palestine completely ignores history. Part of Palestine under Israeli control was occupied by Israel in 1967 war. Legality of accession of J& K to India was never in doubt and has been accepted even by the Security Council. Article 370 is a provision of the Indian Constitution, and hence part of our domestic jurisdiction. Its future has to be decided in accordance with our democratic processes, in which different parties may have different views. The fate of Catalan movement in Spain and Kurdish movement in Iraq shows there is no international support for secessionist movements in independent States.
Posted on April 10, 2019
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Q. Sridhar Ayothiraman asked: How will Pakistan involve China during any Indo-Pakistani conflict?

Replied by VIF :
A direct Chinese involvement during an Indo-Pak conflict seems highly unlikely in any scenario. India's own ties with China have high economic stakes involved and both are keen to keep the borders calm. However, China has more than compensated for this cold peace with India by developing a strong strategic relationship with Pakistan at the expense on India's security concerns. Irrespective of a conflict, the underlying factor driving the Sino-Pak strategic cooperation is the need to undercut Indian preparedness. On the naval front, Pakistan is set to receive Chinese warships and submarines. The Pakistan Air Force operates Chinese JF-17 and Chengdu F-7 Fighter je..

Q. Rajan Kumar Mishra asked: What is protectionism?

Replied by VIF :
Protectionism is the economic policy imposed by governments to protect their domestic businesses and industries from foreign competition. Protectionism has a broad definition that encompasses a number of different economic policies designed to restrict trade and boost domestic manufacturing. This is essentially imposed to promote fair competition. The main aim of protectionism is to cushion domestic businesses and industries from overseas competition. The interplay of free market forces of supply and demand is inhibited through policy of protectionism. Some of the most popular protectionist policies include:
  • Import tariffs–Taxing imported goods increa..

Q. Samarjit Chowdhury asked : What is your assessment of Kartarpur Corridor ? Has Pakistan opened the corridor to reorganize the Khalistani terrorists and reactivate them from across the border ( which was seen in recent time)? How will India responds to such Pakistani policies ?

Replied by VIF : The Khalistan movement dates back to 1960s and 70s when Pakistan was able to tap diasporic elements that also found a domestic constituency due to ongoing linguistic and provincial politics. Operation Blue Star and insurgency in Punjab have indeed caused deep suffering to the Sikh community but stability in the state since late 1990s demonstrates the success of governmental efforts as well as strong commitment on part of the Sikh community. With the recent announcement of Kartarpur Corridor, the long standing demand of the Sikh community to be allowed visit the shrine was fulfilled. Since the initiative rose to prominence after the bonhomie displayed bet..

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