Question For Experts
Q. Is India equipped well to deal with the threats of 6th generation warfare?

Replied by Lt Gen Gautam Banerjee
First let us fathom your query:
War is unquantifiable in terms of commitment of resources, unfathomable in terms of means and methods, foggy in terms of situations and unpredictable in terms of outcomes. That it demands commitment of ultimate human and material resources, is violent and destructive in nature, and leads to long-lasting ramifications upon the participants’ psyche as well as their future aspirations, makes War a very very serious business. It is therefore an event that cannot be bound within the definitions of straight and linear parameters. Within the broad and flexible frameworks of the pristine ..

Q. Will protectionism help our Economy in any way? Aren't we, in certain ways, heading back to the pre 91 days?

Replied by Aayush Mohanty
There is historical evidence that whenever there is a sharp economic downturn, it engenders protectionism. The COVID-19 pandemic has led to this year’s forecasted GDP reductions in the major trading nations, leading to governments resorting to protectionism and economic policies taking an inward turn. The actions after the Great Depression of the 1930s led to import restrictions. In modern times governments resorted to extensive scale subsidisation of farmers and manufactured in response to Global Financial Crisis. Every time a widespread economic downturn occurs, governments use this as an excuse to discriminate against foreign commercial interests. ..

Q. Can India wage a limited war at LAC to regain the lost territories in Ladakh (upto Finger 8 maybe)? What are the possible non-military means by which we can coerce China to status-quo-ante in the near term? Why China is not mounting additional military pressure along LAC in the Eastern Sector where it has clear strategic advantages?

Replied by Lt Gen Gautam Banerjee
India can engage in battles at the tactical level to evict the recent intrusions in Ladakh. Beyond that, and in a prolonged military conflict which will certainly ensue into a full-fledged reaction, China will eventually have the upper hand, so as to be able to show her prowess, even if that comes with heavy political and military losses. Her intense sense of superiority and innately hegemonic ambitions, both matched by resources and autarkic political will, would not allow China to concede, whatever be the cost. Chairman of the Communist Party and his Politburo are not answerable to the people, and therefore human, social and economic los..

Q. In case Pakistan disintegrated into many independent nations like Sindh, Baluchistan and Punjab. What will be the benefits of incorporation of Sindh province in India?

Replied by Dr Sreeradha Datta
There is little point speculating on such an issue. But if such an eventuality occurs, India will take the appropriate measures. India has the strength and capacity to respond to all developing situations in the neighbourhood and elsewhere.
Date : 28/10/2020

Q. Several parts of India is reeling under water scarcity. This is a huge national security. How far have we been able to exploit the opportunities presented by the strategic partnership with Israel to find solutions for water conservation and water management?

Replied by Dr Uttam Sinha
India uses more water than any other country and about 65 percent of India's water demand comes from groundwater. Irrigation takes roughly 3/4th share, even more, of water and therefore water resources become critical for India's economic and social development. When the demand for water in the coming decade is projected to overtake its availability then it is a matter of national concern. India has partnerships/cooperation/MoUs with a number of countries on water resources development. Similarly with Israel. When Indian PM visited Israel in 2017, the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation signed MoU with the corresponding ministry in Israel. Isra..

Q. Why doesn't India raise China's repression in Xinjiang, Taiwan, Tibet Occupation or Hong Kong democracy movement? China uses UN platform, media and government officials to criticize Indian government's "atrocities and illegal occupation of J&K". India follows the doctrine of non-interference in domestic matters of other nations, but why does China not reciprocate the same?

Replied by Dr Teshu Singh
India doesn’t raise the issue of Xinjiang, Taiwan, Tibet and Hong Kong because the government of India follows the “One China Policy”. It implies that countries that have diplomatic relations with the People’s Republic of China should acknowledge the existence of one only country called China. It is essentially related to the Taiwan/ Republic of China. Support for this policy is a precondition for any country to establish diplomatic relations with China. China has been quite successful in this policy. In the last four years, China has enticed eight countries (Kiribati, Solomon Islands, El Salvador, Burkina Faso, Dominican Republic, Panama, Gambia..

Q. Can you please explain about the OBOR one belt one road) and the CPEC project?

Replied by Dr Teshu Singh
The One Belt One Road (OBOR) entails two initiatives namely the ‘Silk Road Economic Belt’ and the ‘Maritime Silk Road’ together form the OBOR. During his trip to Kazakhstan, Chinese President Xi Jinping made a speech on 7 September 2013 in which he proposed to build a “Silk Road Economic Belt” and projected it as a grand project that would benefit countries along the route. Similarly, at the Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) summit in Bali on 2 October 2013, he proposed the revival of the “Maritime Silk Road” (MSR). The OBOR is the signature project of Xi Jinping. The twin objective of the OBOR is to improve the connectivity ..

Q. Given the transition of technologies in conducting warfare, how us coping with the changing times and promoting the private and public sector to enhance our capabilities? What are the new innovations taking place in this sector?

Replied by Naval Jagota
In order to invent systems for future wars there needs to be an articulation of the future wars by the users as well as policy makers. These articulations are based upon the present technological and manufacturing development capabilities as well as potential of the industry in that country or in a group of countries. The technologies invented and then developed are founded on either specific adversarial military hardware or generically on capabilities and capacities which are required to be addressedto cater to multiple larger threats. Each invention and subsequent commercial development requires robustness as well as good supply side eco system. The ..

Q. How will the World be Dealing with China in a Post-Pandemic World?

Replied by Prerna Gandhi
This is one of the most pressing International Relations questions today. But before we can reach a post-pandemic world, there is going to be an interim period that will be equally important. China’s role in the global economy has expanded in the last two decades which have conferred it a larger strategic heft. The underlying rationale of supply side strengths, plentiful forex reserves, increasing technological expertise and continuous military modernization make it a power to reckon with. However, the question of unprovoked Chinese military aggression on multiple fronts during an ongoing pandemic has raised serious doubts on the ability of China to pla..

Q. China is proceeding with a concrete plan to develop their indigenous Operating System which is aimed to be used in all government offices. They have devised a plan called "5 2 3 plan" . What is the opinion of VIF on this and the road map planned by India on this aspect. Also, DRDO based labs like ANURAG, CAIR and C DAC could be used for developing a OS. Kindly provide your views on the roadmap / strategy that India should follow to ensure cyber security through Make in India.

Replied by Brig Rahul Bhonsle
Reports of the Chinese Communist party’s Central Office having issued a directive for replacing all hardware and software in government offices with indigenously developed substitutes emerged in December last year. [Please refer to Financial Times link]. The directive has been nicknamed 3-5-2 [Not 5 – 2 – 3 as you have indicated unless you are referring to some different issue]. The nickname arises from the directive which gives targets for replacement as 30% of foreign hardware and software in 2020, 50% in 2021 and 20% in 2022. This is in conformity with the country’s Cyb..

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