Question For Experts
Q. Novom Chauhan asked : As compare to other countries like US, China, Israel, how effective is our Defense Procurement Procedure 2016 and which best practices can India imbibe in order to make the system more efficient? please explain.

Replied by VIF : Defence Procurement in India
  1. The defence procurement philosophy of any country gets defined or evolves depending on the nature of political system, the economic growth, the level of technological self-reliance and the type of threat it faces.
  2. The Defence Procurement Procedure (DPP) was formulated in 2006 to move beyond General Financial Rules (GFR) and the previous capital acquisition process and to lay down a comprehensive process suited to defence capital acquisitions with suitable planning, approval, execution and oversight mechanisms. While refinements in 2011, 2013 & 2016 have largely improved the procedures, it is still highly cumbers..

Udbhav Shrivastava asked : Why India isn't shifting it's capital somewhere in middle of country ? It would be accessible to north and south equally and population load in new delhi will reduce too.

Replied by VIF : Delhi is truly overburdened and along with Mumbai has over 10 million population making it the most populated city after Mumbai. But shifting the capital presently is not a likely scenario. Shifting a capital involves many factors and over the years its growth and development has made it more enabling to function as a capital city. Delhi presently provides the best infrastructure that a capital city needs and is very accessible with its wide transport network not only to rest of India but also to the world outside. Posted on December 4, 2018..

We have the largest number of scientist and engineers in the world. Yet, we are looking for technology from the western world. Why is that the case?

Replied by VIF : The present government has often has reiterated that technology is a strong priority area for the government making it is a key element of economic growth. India ranks third among the most attractive investment destinations for technology transactions in the world. A quick reference to the latest Global Technology Innovation Report by KPMG where India is ranked third as leaders in the innovations following USA and China would be instrumental to understand our position globally. According to the report, what has worked in India’s favour is that “India has prioritised government support for entrepreneurship and a burgeoning culture of innovation. Many ..

Q:What is the reason behind our national leaders' failure to follow the progressive ideas of Vivekananda about following up the struggle for our political freedom by those of socio-economic, intellectual and finally spiritual ones?

Replied by VIF : India has always been inspired by great thinkers like Vivekananda, Mahatma Gandhi, Sardar Patel and many others. The pride in our country’s history and cultural legacy continues to inspire Indians in their different walks of path. While many are certainly inspired by Vivekananda’s progressive thoughts it is difficult to expect a crore plus population, all to follow the same path. He will always remain an icon for not only Indians but large number of people who continue to be inspired by his values and idealism. Actually, it is not the political, social or religious leaders who elevate the society, that urge comes from within the society itself. Genui..

Q1. What is implication of Saudi Arab loan to Pakistan? Q2. How does Saudi Arabia encourage Wahhabism?

Replied by VIF :Ans 1:Pakistan is in serious economic trouble. As of Oct. 12, net reserves in the State Bank of Pakistan had fallen to $8.1 billion, which is not enough to cover three months' worth of imports. Prime Minister Imran Khan’s frantic efforts to manage the balance of payment crisis finally cut ice with the Saudi government which committed $3 billion to Pakistan as balance of payment support for one year and supply of $3 billion worth of oil on deferred payment for three years. The package totals $12 billion. Initially, Riyadh refused to lend Pakistan any financial support while putting out serious conditions. The kingdom expects Pakistan to ..

Q. Brajbhan Singh asked: India has a coastline of around 7517 km. In contrast, Singapore is a small country, with a coastline of roughly 200 km. But it has the busiest Port in the world in terms of tonnage and shipping business has brought great prosperity to Singapore’s economy. Why India does not take advantage of its long coastline and proximity to global shipping lanes like Singapore? Why cannot India leverage its maritime industry to emerge as a maritime power.

Replied by VIF : The question has two parts and both are relevant. The first question is about building large ports like Singapore. Since most trade across the world is containerised, large ports are normally transshipment ports which serve as intermediate destination for the containers. Transshipment ports are like junctions where large and small ships can berth and exchange containers. This is more economical than carrying containers directly between their origins to their final destination. However, a transshipment port needs deep waters for berthing large ships, number of shipping-berths and cranes for speedy container handling, trained manpower to work in shifts round t..

Chakradhar Mahapatra asked : https://hindi.indiawaterportal.org/node/53262 Please refer the above article showing underground aquifer water movement to Pakistan from Punjab across IB. What can India do to minimize its losses, any Aquifer Management Strategy by Govt, and strategic inputs VIF can provide to Govt & Armed Forces?

Replied by VIF :There are contradictory views on the subject. According to Dr Imran Saqib Khalid, who heads the environment and climate change unit at the Islamabad-based Sustainable Development Policy Institute (SDPI): “Satellite data shows that the groundwater aquifer tilts towards India.” This is contrary to the article according to which the slope of the water table is towards west and south-west i.e from Indian Punjab toward Pakistan. In other words, the ground waters of Punjab are flowing across the international boundary towards Pakistan. Interestingly, Pakistan’s National Water Policy that was approved in March 2018 calls for trans-boundary cooperation..

Manik Aggarwal asked: My question to you is why is everyone provided with "VOTING RIGHTS" to decide what's best for the nation and what's not, without having capability(proper knowledge about what the matter is, what are the needs of the nation, what should be the way forward) ?

Replied by VIF : India adopted the principle of universal adult franchise when the present Constitution was implemented on January 26, 1950. The adoption of universal adult suffrage, was agreed upon through the constitutional debates that took place during 1947. On December 15, 1988, when the Lok Sabha passed the Constitution (Amendment)Bill lowering the voting age to 18 years, it was adopted unanimously. As decided by the makers of the Indian Constitution this is one of core principle for ensuring democracy in our federal structure. Posted on September 19, 2018 Topics: Political..

Chakradhar Mahapatra asked : From dawn of Civilisation till 2nd WW, empire building (Geographical M&A) was the key measure of success for any geography-based-communities, something like present day export performance. Then, since Chandragupta Maurya defeated Seleucus and annexed Afghanistan - Hindu Kush in 305 BC till 1971 Liberation of Bangladesh, what prevented us for 2276 years to register any cross-border military campaign/success? Why such a vast varied land for such a long period couldn't produce a leader who could dream beyond Hindustan, in spite of our upbringing about Ram's exploits in Lanka and great warriors of Mahabharat? What were the generic reasons? Our Truth-Seeking approach to Life? Manusmriti crippling fighting potential of non-Kshatriyas? Any research publications in this regard? Seeking this answer is not to know whether we are aggressive or not, but as a community what we value higher than self-actualisation?

Replied by VIF : After India’s ‘Golden Period’ under the Gupta Empire ended, the Empire’s satrapies assumed independence into nearly half a dozen monarchies and numerous kingdoms. Some of these were large enough to qualify as empires by their own right. By then, India was a ‘soney ki chidia’ - affluence and wealth was in abundance. That attracted foreign powers to attack India and gradually in bits and parts, from the 8th Century CE onwards, over the next three Centuries, capture most of India. The reason that the famed Indian proficiency in warfare could not stem the advance of foreign powers, leave alone launching military campaigns beyond their borders, are..

Sanjay Gupta asked : This is more of guidance seeking nature, how can one bring together all the 10360 rivers under a common system to ensure best governance and scientific administration in India?

Replied by VIF :There maybe a few general rules applicable to maintain our rivers better, which would include 1. Respect it first and foremost and not use exploit its resources at our free will and 2. Create awareness and sensitivity about its nature and strength and the resources it offers. Having said that, all rivers cannot be categorised under the same basin thus specific expertise and knowledge is required to nurture and govern it effectively. As you would know in India the central ministry responsible for managing rivers is the Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation which lays down policy guidelines and programmes for the development..

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