Question For Experts
Q. Suman Kundu asked : (1)Should India pursue a policy of influencing elections in foreign countries or aggregate of countries as one of its foreign policy ? This questions is in the context that we are already seeing forces inimical to democracy have started to undermine major democratic forces in a bigger way than before (2) What is India's policy on Tibet, Taiwan and Balochistan ? I think we should exploit this issues. (3) One of issues US started trade is theft of intellectual copy rights by china . I think India would be Trump's next target . How is India preparing for the trade war with USA

Replied by Dr Sreeradha Datta:
1. India’s official policy is not to interfere nor make any attempt to influence elections anywhere. India has traditionally supported democratic forces and will continue to do so but respects the election mandate that is delivered in very country. 2. Tibet: India and the People's Republic of China signed the Agreement between the Republic of India and the People's Republic of China on Trade and Intercourse between Tibet Region of China and India on 29 April 1954. This Agreement was aimed at promoting trade and cultural intercourse between India and Tibet Region of China and facilitating pilgrimage and travel by the peoples of India an..

Q. Abhijeet Singh asked : For the past 70 years, Kashmir was considered as a political and development problem and the government was trying to provide funds for its development to bring them back to main stream. What would be the strategy if we consider Kashmir as a politico-religious issue to counter the Wahabism and Islamization of Kashmir which has been denied by all so far?

Replied by Lt Gen Gautam Banerjee (retd):
Really speaking, Kashmiris themselves chose to be part of India, of course with certain trappings of autonomy. Development was never the problem there, corrupt politics was. That was till the 1980s, by which time the J&K was more or less well integrated into the Indian Union. Pakistan’s and its instigated separatists’ claim over Kashmir is based on religious affiliation. But they had to clothe that crass and universally rejected argument in political shroud, while the subversion of Islamic Umma had to be kept alive. Our long years of overlook of external funded societal radicalisation allowed religious fundamentalism to come to the fo..

Q. Pavan Kumar asked : Is Economic Reforms (1990-91) in India truly culpable for ruining the Liberal arts in the Indian education system?

Replied by Dr Sreeradha Datta:
While India has always been a source of inspiration and aspiration for its technical and medical universities, its liberal arts program is also rich and many Indians from this stream have been recognised for their contributions to various aspects, in India and outside. While it may be argued that there is much more to be done to bring back the glorious days of Nalanda and Takshila Universities, it needs to be accepted India needs to invest more in research and ensure greater excellence to its higher education. Indian liberal art education has also received falr amount of students from the neighbourhood and is well respected abroad too.
Posted on..

Q. Ashok Kumar asked : What is the significance of India for Myanmar?

Replied by Dr Sreeradha Datta:
Sharing over 1600 kms of border, India and Myanmar are friendly neighbors. Indians and people of Myanmar have enjoyed the deepest cultural links, trade, connectivity, people-to-people movement and for over a hundred of years in the colonial period in the post post-independence phase too. Working closely over a large number of common issues including cross border activities, India has welcomed the political transition towards democracy and the bilateral ties have gathered further momentum with the introduction of reforms and victory of Daw Aung San Suu Kyi led NLD win in the 2015. India’s ‘neighbours first’ policy initiated under PM Modi has le..

Q. Swapnil Samant asked : Is China's 'Artificial Sun' project an attempt to control the climate? Whether India (all neighbours) should be concerned?

Replied by VIF :
Yes as you have mentioned it maybe just an attempt to save electricity just like 'Artificial Moon' but the creation of such technologies can just change stakes and dynamics in international politics. The ‘Artificial Sun’ is a major project involving scientists from 35 countries that aims to generate ‘new energy’ sources using nuclear fusion, and China is on course to finish building this before the end of this year, as per, the latest media reports. It is an attempt to create an alternative source of power and the Scientists hope that the ‘Artificial Sun’ will help harness the power of nuclear fusion. China is the first country in the world to develop..

Q. Mradul Pundhir asked : In face of the recent controversies surrounding defence procurement and even many such cases earlier too, will the constitution of board of experts in all defence purchases be a possible option to overcome the issues?

Replied by VIF :
Defence procurement is a very complicated process. The government, learning from precious experiences, upgrades the procurement process periodically. The Defence procurement process of 2016 has been upgraded and amended till 31 Mar 2019. The defence procurement is done in very large variety of equipment's involving all the three services. One board of experts will not be able to perform this task.
Posted on April 24, 2019

Q. Manish Pandey asked : How will the Government/Industry/Security Professionals/Citizens tackle the increasing threat of Cyber imperialism by China, USA or any other country when Core Cyber infra of India like Telecom towers, Networking equipment, Networking Protocols or even Mobile OS and Processors are owned controlled and often misused by them?

Replied by VIF :
There is no doubt that Nation States compete for an upper hand in technology space, especially when the technology has strategic applications. Cyberspace and the related technologies have strategic relevance and the competition is fierce in every segment be it research, product development or occupying a space in the policy high table for governance. There is no specific solution to the increasing threat of foreign interference when the telecom or communications infrastructure is highly dependent on technology procured from other countries who have a leading edge. Countries might consider preferential treatment to domestic technology supplies, if they exist and are c..

Q. Tarun Singh asked: Demographic dividend is changing in the many states which is a serious issue of internal security. What type of measures should be taken to stop, are Govt. agencies working on it or not?

Replied by VIF :
Our demographic dividend comes from young, working age profile. With so large number of hands working, India can be transformed in quick time. The hurdle comes from lack of infrastructure to suitably raise them, keep them in good health, train them and engage them in fruitful ventures. Taking the nation devastated in every respect during the colonial rule to the present state has not been a mean achievement, but that has not been enough vis-à-vis the population explosion. Rise in futureless youth population has brought with it many additional problems like internal migration leading to social tensions, race for employment, demand for reservations, corruption, illeg..

Q. Ashok Kumar asked: Why is India not able to outshine the influence of China in Myanmar after even establishing a democracy in Myanmar?

Replied by VIF :
While India and China are the two largest and growing economies in Asia, but that does not necessarily attribute similar capabilities and capacities to them. History, geography, culture, governmental systems all contribute to how each state wants to undertake its domestic and foreign policy. India and China cannot be understood through the same lens. Each has its strengths and limitations. Similarly their engagement with Myanmar, has different contours and hues. They are both important neighbour for Myanmar and they enjoy various levels of engagements, spanning strategic, political, economic, and cultural links. For India, its engagement with Myanmar or any other..

Q. Ashok Kumar asked: What are the politico-strategic impact of China's Special Economic Zone in Kyaukphyu in Myanmar and the China-Myanmar Economic corridor on India? Why is India not able to establish such strategic advantages in Myanmar?

Replied by VIF :
Both the projects in Kyaukphyu, consisting of three projects: a deep-sea port, an industrial park, and a residential area and a deep-sea port and the building the China-Myanmar Economic Corridor (CMEC), are been considered key for the Belt and Road Initiative. The Kyaukphyu project is poised to be a trade route with India and towards the West, and will give China access to the Indian Ocean and the deep-sea port will support the oil trade through the Shwe oil-gas pipeline. The China-Myanmar Economic corridor will connect Yunnan and three important economic centers in Myanmar, including Mandalay, Yangon New City and the Special Economic Zone in Kyaukphyu. Besides pr..

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