Commentaries & Articles
Recognizing the Rise of the Private Military Contractors
“The disjunction between the seriousness of international politics and the triviality of international relations theory is quite startling.” —Professor R. B. J. Walker
Japan’s Defence White Paper 2021: China Riled by Mention of Taiwan Strait
On 13 July 2021, Japan issued the 2021 Defense White Paper. One significant mention for the first time is the need to maintain stability in the Taiwan Strait, which is threatened by increasing Chinese military incursions on the Taiwanese waters. The White Paper observed: “China has further intensified military activities around Taiwan including Chinese aircrafts entering the south-western airspace of Taiwan. In the meantime, the United States has demonstrated a clear stance of supporting Taiwan in military aspects, such as transits by U.S. vessels through the Taiwan Strait and weapon sales.
The Unsettling Issue of Tigray
July 2021 was envisaged as a turning point in current Ethiopian history. The results of the partial elections held in June1 provided a resounding victory for the Prosperity Party led by Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed. This was preceded by a withdrawal of Ethiopian Defence Forces (ENDF) from Mekelle, the capital of Tigray and several parts of the Northern state. Eritrean forces which had helped ENDF subdue and chase away Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF) forces moved towards their own borders.
Uzbek President’s Call for Connectivity, Cooperation, Dialogue and Trust in Central Asia-South Asia Region: Pakistan’s Obduracy is the Obstacle
President Shavkat Mirziyoyev of Uzbekistan hosted an important conference ‘Regional Connectivity Between Central Asia and South Asia – Challenges and Opportunities’ in Tashkent on 15-16 July 2021. The conference was proposed by the Uzbek President in his statement at the UNGA last September, but the weeks before the conference saw a rapid deterioration in the Afghan situation and the subtext of the informal discussions and the formal statements was the dangerous situation in Afghanistan.
20 वीं पार्टी कांग्रेस के पहले शी जिनपिंग-सीसीपी नेतृत्व “कलर रिवोल्यूशन” को लेकर सजग
चीन में “कलर रिवोल्यूशन” की आशंका को लेकर चाइनिज कम्युनिस्ट पार्टी (सीसीपी) के नेतृत्व में चिंताएं अप्रैल महीने से लेकर अब तक पारदर्शी रूप में काफी बढ़ गई हैं। हालांकि शी जिनपिंग सहित चीनी कैडर्स ने 1991 में कम्युनिस्ट पार्टी ऑफ दि सोवियत यूनियन (CPSU) के 1991 में विघटन के बाद उन आशंकाओं को दूर कर दिया है, लेकिन अमेरिका के साथ संबंधों में हाल के वर्षों में तेजी से आई गिरावट के बाद इसकी चिंताओं में उल्लेखनीय वृद्धि हुई है। चीन में इस बात पर राय बनती जा रही है कि पेइचिंग और वाशिंगटन आने वाले भविष्य में सत्ता की प्रतियोगिता में शामिल नहीं, अमेरिका में हुए नेतृत्व परिवर्तन के बाद भी। पीकिंग यूनिवर
Pakistan’s Support to Taliban is Behind the Escalating Violence in Afghanistan
At the initiative of Uzbek President Shavket Miriziev, a high-level conference was held in Tashkent on 15-16 July 2021 to discuss connectivity between Central Asia and South Asia. The conference was attended by President Ashraf Ghani of Afghanistan, Prime Minister Imran Khan of Pakistan and several Foreign Ministers of regional countries, including the External Affairs Minister S. Jaishankar.
Eastern Ladakh – In Focus Again!
With a meeting of the EAM Jaishankar with his Chinese counterpart Wang Yi, Eastern Ladakh has come in focus again. Most information and analysis of the events in Eastern Ladakh of 2020 and the first half of 2021 have been analysed in fine detail, and hence requires no repetition. There are three issues that of late have been at the fore and need examination – infrastructural push by China in Tibet, the state of disengagement and infringements, if any, in Eastern Ladakh and the prospects of the next military talks following the meeting of the two Foreign Ministers.
VIF News Digests
Global Developments And Analysis: Weekly Monitor
July 20, 2021
Global Developments and Analysis: Weekly Monitor, 12 July - 18 July 2021

Economic Xi's capital market crackdown has a 2022 timeline President Xi Jinping has tightened his grip over every aspect of...

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China Daily Digest
May 31, 2021
China: Daily Scan, May 31, 2021

China's revised copyright law tougher on infringement: Xinhuanet May 31, 2021 China's revised Copyright Law will take effect...

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Neighbourhood News
December 14, 2020
VIF Neighbourhood News Digest: December 14, 2020

PAKISTAN PM blames PDM for endangering lives as PTI exults at ‘flop show’: DAWN Soon after the Pakistan Democratic Movement...

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International Development
July 3, 2021
VIF News Digest: International Developments (US, Europe and Russia), 16-30 June 2021

I. UNITED STATES Politics and Society Biden, Putin say progress made in Geneva but gulfs on issues remain, 16 June 2021...

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Defense, National Security and Terrorism, VIF Alerts
July 19, 2021
VIF News Digest: National Security - Defence Studies & Terrorism, 01-15 July 2021

DEFENCE RakshaMantri holds virtual interaction with his Vietnamese counterpart. Exchange of list of prisoners between...

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Myanmar Round Up
July 12, 2021
Myanmar Round Up: June 2021

According to the Armed Conflict Location and Event Data Project (ACLED), a non-profit venture that tracks conflict, some 58...

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West Asia Round Up
July 12, 2021
West Asia – Review- June, 2021

Abstract: As the US decided to withdraw some of its defence equipment like Patriot missile batteries from Saudi Arabia and...

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Global Development and Analysis - Url Archive
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The Vivekananda International Foundation (VIF) is a New Delhi-based think tank set up with the collaborative efforts of India's leading security experts, diplomats and philanthropists under the aegis of the Vivekananda Kendra. The VIF’s objective is to become a centre of excellence to kick start innovative ideas and thoughts that can lead to a stronger, secure and prosperous India playing its destined role in global affairs.

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