Commentaries & Articles
Terrorism and Counter Terrorism: Review of Year 2019 and Projections for 2020
The year 2019 had significant developments in global terrorism. The review covers the important activities of terrorism and counter-terrorism (CT) around the globe. There have been ongoing conflicts in Iraq, Syria and Yemen which includes terrorist activities at a large scale. These conflicts have, therefore, been kept out of this review. The 2019 Year review and Projections for 2020 are categorised into two sections: National (A), and International (B), with sub-grouping of the timeline of events quarterly. NATIONAL JANUARY-APRIL
Year Review: Pakistan in 2019
The year 2019 brought optimism as well as trials for Pakistan in equal measure. In 2019, Pakistan under Prime Minister Imran Khan was occupied in confronting numerable challenges at the domestic as well as international levels. At the domestic front, the situation remained grim for Pakistan as the government under Prime Minister Imran Khan struggled to live up to the promises it made during its election campaign.
Constitutional Changes in Russia! What is Cooking?
Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev and his entire government resigned on January 15th after a televised speech by President Putin to the federal assembly wherein he proposed sweeping changes to the constitution. These changes will modify the equation of power-centres in Russia. Currently, power is concentrated around the presidency in Moscow. Vladimir Putin has been holding the post since 2000, barring a 4 year hiatus, when he held the position of the Prime Minister while Medvedev was the President.
Key Developments in Africa in 2019
The year 2019 bore witness to multiple developments which dotted the continent and may lead to not only an impact in the immediate times but also have far-reaching impact on the society and polity of African nations. Peaceful Transition of Power
सुलेमानी की हत्या: आगे क्या?
चूंकि कासिम सुलेमानी गुप्त तरीके से काम करने के लिए बनाई गई रणनीतिक सेना के कमांडर होने के नाते सार्वजनिक मंच से दूर ही रहते थे, इसलिए ज्यादातर लोगों को इस बात का भान तक नहीं था कि ईरान के पदक्रम में वह एक तरह से नंबर 2 थे। यही वजह है कि लोग यह सुनकर हैरत में हैं कि उनकी हत्या अमेरिका की बहुत बड़ी गलती है और इसका बदला जरूर लिया जाएगा। ईरान में सुलेमानी को अक्सर ‘जीता-जागता शहीद’ कहा जाता था क्योंकि ईरान के सामरिक और रणनीतिक उद्देश्य पूरे करने के लिए उन्होंने कई बार निजी तौर पर खतरे लिए थे। इस्लामिक रिवॉल्यूशनरी गार्ड कोर के दबदबे के कारण शायद वह पूरे ईरान में लोकप्रिय नहीं होंगे, लेकिन उनकी मौत
Geopolitics of Trans–Caspian Gas Pipeline
Introduction Trans-Caspian Gas Pipeline (TCGP) is designed to export natural gas from resource-rich Turkmenistan and to a certain amount from Kazakhstan to Azerbaijan by putting an underwater pipeline in the Caspian seabed. From Baku, Azerbaijan through Georgia, Turkmen gas export will get linked with the Trans-Anatolian Natural Gas Pipeline (TANAP) in Turkey which ultimately reaches Europe. This pipeline is proposed in a way that it circumvents two littoral states of the Caspian Sea; Russia and Iran which has become bone of contention in realizing this project.
Review of Developments in China in 2019
In 2012, Xi Jinping along with other members of the standing committee of the CPC Central Committee Political Bureau, Li Keqiang, Zhang Dejiang, Yu Zhengsheng, Liu Yushan, Wang Qishan and Zhang Gaoli visited an exhibition titled ‘The Road to Renewal’ at the National Museum in Beijing. The ideas advocated by Xi Jinping were subsequently referred to as the ‘Chinese Dream’.
VIF News Digest
Defense, National Security and Terrorism, VIF Alerts
February 11, 2020
VIF News Digest: National Security - Defence Studies & Terrorism, 16 January - 31 January 2020

Defence: Raksha Mantri Shri Rajnath Singh flags off 51st K9 VAJRA-T Gun from L&T Armoured System Complex in Gujarat...

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International Development
February 19, 2020
VIF News Digest: International Developments (US) 01-15 Feb 2020

Bernie Sanders Scores Narrow Victory in New Hampshire Primary 11 Feb 2020 Senator Bernie Sanders narrowly won the New...

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Neighbourhood News
February 24, 2020
VIF Neighborhood News Digest: February 24, 2020

PAKISTAN Govt. to help KE raise generation capacity by 1,600MW: Dawn February 24, 2020 Amid delays in K-Electric takeover by...

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The Vivekananda International Foundation (VIF) is a New Delhi-based think tank set up with the collaborative efforts of India's leading security experts, diplomats, industrialists and philanthropists under the aegis of the Vivekananda Kendra. The VIF’s objective is to become a centre of excellence to kick start innovative ideas and thoughts that can lead to a stronger, secure and prosperous India playing its destined role in global affairs.

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