(Former DG, Air Defence, Indian Army) (Higher Defence Analyst)

Contributions 
Indigenisation: A New Awakening- Where are We Headed? Setting the Perspective The Recent Past It was not very long ago when the word ‘indigenisation’ of defence equipment used to draw passive and uninspiring thoughts in the mind. Handled by a solitary branch under the Corps of EM...

Ukraine: How is the Air and Air Defence War Unfolding ? A Sequel This work is the sequel to the author’s earlier work titled, “Why the Ukrainian skies are still contested” available at www.vifindia.org[1]. Building on the thread of the earlie...

Why the Ukrainian Skies are still Contested- An Assessment The posers that demand an answer:- This work attempts an answer to the following posers in the context of the on-going air war between Russia and Ukraine:- How the forces measured up on both sides? How come till date, a...

Drone swarms - a grave threat. Where are we? Mass swarms of dozens or hundreds of drones guided by AI are increasingly being touted as the new lethal threats in the modern battlefield. The world got a taste of this emerging military technology in May 2021 during the 11-day conflict between Isr...

Cruise Missiles : where are we ? Where are our Potential Adversaries? What way ahead? The Trigger Event The morning chill on the 21stof Jan 22 got broken with a ‘warm’ news from the DRDO announcing the successful test firing of the Brahmos supersonic cruise missile from its test range in Odisha. While many will see th...

VIF Papers 
DPP 2016: An enabler, not a show-stopper DPP or no DPP the onus of success or failure lies in the hands of those who operate the DPP. Like they say, the law is only as good as the enforcer of the law. DPP 2016 or DPP 2056, it will be only as good as the persons who operate it, who interpret...

Anti Satellite Weapons: A Likely Future Trajectory The concept of ASAT weapons has evolved over time as a logical progression from the mother concept of Anti Ballistic Missiles (ABM) or its more recent coinage,the Ballistic Missile defence (BMD)-- a Missile-based defence against the adversary's threa...

Growing Muscle of PLAAF Steady Growth. Although some signs of a somewhat waning economy are now visible in China (economic growth rate sliding down from 10.5% in 2010 to 7.4% in 2014) she has experienced a steady growth cycle for the past two decades, catapulting the...

VIF Briefs 
CAATSA and S-400: The American Dilemma - An Analysis After flashing in fury about an year back and eventually loosing much of its sheen and venom thereafter, the threat of CAATSA is alive, dangling yet again like the proverbial ‘Sword of Damocles’ over the fate of India’s purchase of S-400 syste...

Power behind Arrogance: Assessment of China’s Air and Missile Arsenal Going backwards from recent acts of Chinese belligerence and barbaric conduct in Galwan (sic) totally divorced from all ethos of soldiering, into events of the recent past, a pattern emerges. A pattern of Chinese aggressiveness, arrogance and more; u...

Swarm Drones: Attacker’s Delight, Defender’s Nightmare Ever since the emergence of the unmanned phenomenon, the warfare has never been the same. Starting from their very humble beginnings of giving the war-fighter the marginally incremental capability to ‘look around the corner and over the hill’ the...

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