(Former DG, Air Defence, Indian Army) (Higher Defence Analyst)

Contributions 
A Full Circle by Second Anniversary of Russia-Ukraine Conflict Premise The Russo-Ukraine war crossed its two-year mark on 22 Feb 2024. This work is based on the premise that in the two years gone by, the war has come a ‘full circle’. How? On 22 Feb 2022, Russia looked ‘strong and confid...

Bestowing Padma Award to Honour Foxconn’s Young Liu Premise The list of 132 Padma awardees on this Republic Day had a unique recipient this time around. Young Liu, the CEO of Foxconn, a Taiwanese company which is the world’s largest contract manufacturer of electronics...

Prospects and Problems: Providing Aid to Ukraine Setting the Strategic Perspective A Global War The Russo Ukraine war which is treading its blood-soaked trail (676 days and counting) has truly been a ‘global war’. Simply put, it is West plus the US versus Kremlin on the...

The Magic of MANPADS- Making Sense of Indo-Russian Deal The Driver On 14 Nov 2023, the Russian media announced inking an arms deal with India which was a little different from the usual defence procurement cases. This deal is anchored on two provisions; the Supply of Igla S Man Portable Air De...

The Nagorno-Karabakh Seesaw – an Unstable Equilibrium Setting the Stage This little area of a mere 1700 square miles nestled in the South Caucasus between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea and forming the south eastern stretch of the Lesser Caucasus mountain range has seen war, destruction...

VIF Papers 
DPP 2016: An enabler, not a show-stopper DPP or no DPP the onus of success or failure lies in the hands of those who operate the DPP. Like they say, the law is only as good as the enforcer of the law. DPP 2016 or DPP 2056, it will be only as good as the persons who operate it, who interpret...

Anti Satellite Weapons: A Likely Future Trajectory The concept of ASAT weapons has evolved over time as a logical progression from the mother concept of Anti Ballistic Missiles (ABM) or its more recent coinage,the Ballistic Missile defence (BMD)-- a Missile-based defence against the adversary's threa...

Growing Muscle of PLAAF Steady Growth. Although some signs of a somewhat waning economy are now visible in China (economic growth rate sliding down from 10.5% in 2010 to 7.4% in 2014) she has experienced a steady growth cycle for the past two decades, catapulting the...

VIF Briefs 
CAATSA and S-400: The American Dilemma - An Analysis After flashing in fury about an year back and eventually loosing much of its sheen and venom thereafter, the threat of CAATSA is alive, dangling yet again like the proverbial ‘Sword of Damocles’ over the fate of India’s purchase of S-400 syste...

Power behind Arrogance: Assessment of China’s Air and Missile Arsenal Going backwards from recent acts of Chinese belligerence and barbaric conduct in Galwan (sic) totally divorced from all ethos of soldiering, into events of the recent past, a pattern emerges. A pattern of Chinese aggressiveness, arrogance and more; u...

Swarm Drones: Attacker’s Delight, Defender’s Nightmare Ever since the emergence of the unmanned phenomenon, the warfare has never been the same. Starting from their very humble beginnings of giving the war-fighter the marginally incremental capability to ‘look around the corner and over the hill’ the...

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