Commentaries & Articles
Kashmir: The Climb Ahead
“Don’t hit at all if it is honourably possible to avoid hitting; but never hit soft”, - Theodore Roosevelt A State of Complexities
Finally, Islamic State’s “Caliph” is “Dead”! – An Initial Assessment
“No group or nation should mistake America’s intentions: We will not rest until terrorist groups of global reach have been found, have been stopped, and have been defeated.” – Former US President George W. Bush (06 November 2001)1
West Asia Round-Up: October 2019
Abstract Arab Spring 2.0 is in full view. The Middle East continued to reverberate with protests and demonstrations against regimes in several countries leading to the exit or resignations of the leaders in Lebanon and Iraq in the same vein as was done in Sudan and Algeria. After weeks of protests Prime Minister Hariri of Lebanon and Prime Minister Mahdi of Iraq tendered resignations partially meeting the demands but situation remains tense as the protesters continue to demand redressal of their real grievances and are concerned about their own wellbeing and future.
Notes from the Sub-continent - October 2019
In this month’s compilation of some of the big ideas being debated in the media across the Indian sub-continent, we look at some big ticket items on the diplomacy and national security fronts - for Bangladesh, the focus is on Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina’s outgoing India tour; for Nepal, it is Chinese President Xi Jinping’s once-in-a-generation incoming visit to Kathmandu. In Sri Lanka, the spotlight was back on the Easter Sunday terror attack, as a parliamentary panel completed its investigation and submitted its report to Parliament.
The Arab Spring 2.0 in Full Swing
The cinders of the Arab Spring of 2010-11 have been reignited after smouldering for a while given the mixed outcomes and unfulfilled promises and expectations. The countries starting with Tunisia, that underwent the revolutions, witnessed minor changes in Egypt and Gulf states and chaos in Libya and Syria. Likewise, while the Tunisian uproar was sui generis, elsewhere it was a mix of external intervention, prolonged excessive repression by dictators and regimes, and pent up frustration of their people. But the end result was a varied spectrum of defeated expectations.
Narendra Modi’s visit to Saudi Arabia
On 28 and 29 October 2019, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi paid a visit to Saudi Arabia and met with King Salman bin Abdulaziz al Saud and the crown prince, Mohammed Bin Salman. The Indian Prime Minister also met with Saudi Environment, Water and Agriculture Minister Abdulrahman bin Abdulmohsen Al-Fadley and Labour and Social Development Minister, Ahmad bin Sulaiman Alrajhi. He also held a meeting with the Jordanian King, Abdullah II during the visit in Riyadh.1
What Makes a Country Secure
What makes a country secure? Traditionally, a strong military was considered the main pillar of national security. Yet history has repeatedly shown that even overwhelming military capabilities cannot always achieve national security objectives. The struggle of the North Vietnamese against the US supported South is a contemporary example of the unmatched defence-in-depth provided by a resilient populace. Another is the retreat of the Soviet Union from Afghanistan. The liberation of Bangladesh also reflects how popular support can be a force-multiplier. Changing Nature of Conflict
VIF News Digest
Defense, National Security and Terrorism, VIF Alerts
November 4, 2019
VIF News Digest: National Security- Defence Studies & Terrorism, 16-31 October, 2019

Defence: Indo Maldives Joint Exercise EKUVERIN – 2019; Indo-French Joint Exercise Shakti-2019; Government committed to...

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International Development
October 23, 2019
VIF News Digest: International Events (US, Europe and, Russia and Africa), 3-18 October 2019

US Mulvaney outlines White House Ukraine defense: Quid pro quo was about 2016 not 2020: CNN, 17 October 2019 The White House...

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Neighbourhood News
November 21, 2019
VIF Neighborhood News Digest: November 21, 2019

PAKISTAN Shahbaz resigns as public accounts committee chief: Dawn November 21, 2019 National Assembly Speaker Asad Qaiser...

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The Vivekananda International Foundation (VIF) is a New Delhi-based think tank set up with the collaborative efforts of India's leading security experts, diplomats, industrialists and philanthropists under the aegis of the Vivekananda Kendra. The VIF’s objective is to become a centre of excellence to kick start innovative ideas and thoughts that can lead to a stronger, secure and prosperous India playing its destined role in global affairs.

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