Indian Foreign Service (1979; Retired);
Former Deputy National Security Adviser and Secretary, National Security Council Secretariat (NSCS), (2014-17); Joint Secretary, NSCS on deputation from Ministry of External Affairs; 1999-2007. Dealt with a wide range of national security issues within the NSC structures. Had wide ranging interaction in official capacity with delegations of other countries.

Former Director General, Institute for Defence Studies and Analysis (IDSA), New Delhi (2012-14); Lal Bahadur Shastri Chair National Security, IDSA, 2008-2011. Conducted track 2 level interactions with think tanks of other countries. IDSA is entirely funded by the Ministry of Defence.
Served in Indian diplomatic missions in Moscow, London, and Ankara. Dealt with Afghanistan, Kashmir, Soviet Union, Russia, and Central Asia in the Ministry of External Affairs.

MSc (Physics), Delhi University (1974); Visiting Member Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (1974-76). M.Phil (1988) and PhD, School of International Studies JNU (1991);

Interested in problems of national and international security; foreign policy, issues of defence strategy; ancient Indian thought; nation building, science and technology etc.

Has written four books and co-edited several. His book How India Manages Its National Security was published by Penguin Random House in 2018.

Contributions 
FATF and Pakistan The Financial Action Task Force (FATF), set up in 1989 following a G-7 resolution, provides the international standards for anti-money laundering and combatting terrorist financing (AML/CFT). An Inter-governmental organisation with 38 members and two...

Pulwama Terror Attack: India’s Options Following the horrific terrorist attack on 14 February 2019 in Pulwama, Jammu and Kashmir, carried out by Jaish-e- Mohammed (JeM), India went into a state of shock and mourning. The entire country was united in support of the 44 martyrs of the Centra...

Swami Vivekananda’s Idea of Service What is the concept of service? Swami Vivekananda says: “This is the gist of all worship — to be pure and to do good to others. He who sees Shiva in the poor, in the weak, and in the diseased, really worships Shiva; and if he sees Shiva only...

Challenges of Migration It gives me great pleasure to welcome you to this seminar on ‘The Challenges of Migration’ that India has been facing for a long time.
Challenge of Illegal Migration
The main dimensions of the challenge are well-known. Tens of ...

India : Trends to look out for in 2019 The year 2018 was generally good for India. Relations with the US, Russia, China improved. Corrective action was taken to improve ties with the neighbours. The economy suffered to an extent due to external factors like high oil prices and increase ...

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