Indian Foreign Service (1979; Retired);
Former Deputy National Security Adviser and Secretary, National Security Council Secretariat (NSCS), (2014-17); Joint Secretary, NSCS on deputation from Ministry of External Affairs; 1999-2007. Dealt with a wide range of national security issues within the NSC structures. Had wide ranging interaction in official capacity with delegations of other countries.

Former Director General, Institute for Defence Studies and Analysis (IDSA), New Delhi (2012-14); Lal Bahadur Shastri Chair National Security, IDSA, 2008-2011. Conducted track 2 level interactions with think tanks of other countries. IDSA is entirely funded by the Ministry of Defence.
Served in Indian diplomatic missions in Moscow, London, and Ankara. Dealt with Afghanistan, Kashmir, Soviet Union, Russia, and Central Asia in the Ministry of External Affairs.

MSc (Physics), Delhi University (1974); Visiting Member Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (1974-76). M.Phil (1988) and PhD, School of International Studies JNU (1991);

Interested in problems of national and international security; foreign policy, issues of defence strategy; ancient Indian thought; nation building, science and technology etc.

Has written four books and co-edited several. His book How India Manages Its National Security was published by Penguin Random House in 2018.

Contributions 
भारत के लिए रूस अब भी इतना अहम क्यों है? भारत एक स्वतंत्र विदेश नीति का अनुसरण करता है। किंतु भू-राजनीतिक वास्तविकताओं के खिंचाव और दबा...

नए भारत के निर्माण में सहयोग के लिए चारों शीर्ष मंत्रियों को करना होगा मिलजुलकर काम मोदी सरकार के नए मंत्रिमंडल की एक अनूठी विशेषता यह है कि चार शीर्ष मंत्रालय - गृह, वित्त, रक्षा और...

The Top Four Ministers Need to Work in Harmony to Help Build New India One striking feature of Modi Sarkar’s new cabinet is that the top four jobs of Home, Finance, Defence and External Affairs, are now occupied by new incumbents. They will bring their own visions and styles of functioning to their portfolios. Enjoyin...

नए भारत के लिए मोदी का मंत्र चुनाव परिणाम आने के बाद अपने अपने भाषणों में प्रधानमंत्री नरेंद्र मोदी ने नए भारत के विचार पर व...

देश चलाने का जनादेश भारतीय जनता पार्टी (भाजपा) ने 2019 के लोकसभा चुनावों में तमाम चुनौतियों से जूझते हुए 300 से ज्यादा सी...

Book Reviews 
Prof R Vaidyanathan, Caste as Social Capital, Westland Books, 2019, Chennai, PP. 131 Prof Vaidyanathan’s book, Caste as Social Capital, challenges several myths relating to the working of the caste system in India. Noting that while caste is commonly identified with oppression and discrimination, he points out that it also h...

Outreach 
New govt’s foreign policy agenda needs comprehensive approach Published in The Economic Times on 3rd June 2019....

CPEC core reson of dispute Published in March April issue of India China Chronicle....

बढ़ता तनाव, गहराती आशंकाएं Published in Hindustan (Hindi) on 21 May 2019....

Beyond ASAT test: India needs a comprehensive space security policy Published in The Economic Times on 6th April 2019....

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