Indian Foreign Service (1979; Retired);
Former Deputy National Security Adviser and Secretary, National Security Council Secretariat (NSCS), (2014-17); Joint Secretary, NSCS on deputation from Ministry of External Affairs; 1999-2007. Dealt with a wide range of national security issues within the NSC structures. Had wide ranging interaction in official capacity with delegations of other countries.

Former Director General, Institute for Defence Studies and Analysis (IDSA), New Delhi (2012-14); Lal Bahadur Shastri Chair National Security, IDSA, 2008-2011. Conducted track 2 level interactions with think tanks of other countries. IDSA is entirely funded by the Ministry of Defence.
Served in Indian diplomatic missions in Moscow, London, and Ankara. Dealt with Afghanistan, Kashmir, Soviet Union, Russia, and Central Asia in the Ministry of External Affairs.

MSc (Physics), Delhi University (1974); Visiting Member Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (1974-76). M.Phil (1988) and PhD, School of International Studies JNU (1991);

Interested in problems of national and international security; foreign policy, issues of defence strategy; ancient Indian thought; nation building, science and technology etc.

Has written four books and co-edited several. His book How India Manages Its National Security was published by Penguin Random House in 2018.

Contributions 
एक्ट फार ईस्ट नीति: भारत की विदेश नीति में नया अंग प्रधानमंत्री नरेंद्र मोदी रूस के राष्ट्रपति व्लादीमिर पुतिन के न्योते पर 4-5 सितंबर 2019 को ईस्टर्...

The New EU Guidelines on 5G: Some Lessons for India In September 2019, the European Union (EU) came up with a set of guidelines1 for the introduction of 5G communication technologies in the member countries. The guidelines are considered essential for security of 5G networks. Cyber securit...

The Chennai Connect in Sino Indian Relations: Assessing the Second India-China informal Summit at Mamallapuram, 11-12 October 2019 The optics of the second Sino-Indian informal summit held at the UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) World Heritage site Mamallapuram in Tamil Nadu was great. Chinese President Xi was given a warm welcome by Prime Minister M...

Contrasting Visions of Modi and Imran Khan The two speeches delivered by Prime Minister Modi and by Mr Imran Khan at the UN General Assembly on 27 September 2019 are studies in contrast. Both prime ministers spoke about their visions and their countries. Modi showcased India as confident, pro...

Book Reviews 
Basant K. Gupta, Timeless Wisdom from Ancient India, Laksmi di Asya Om, Italy, Second Edition, 2014, Italy. ISBN 978-88-96642-27-6, pp.235 Attaining Peace, Harmony and Happiness, the Indian way Everyone wants to be prosperous, at peace and happy, and but few manage to attain these desirable goals. Why? How can one achieve peace and harmony while leading normal life? Vedas...

Prof R Vaidyanathan, Caste as Social Capital, Westland Books, 2019, Chennai, PP. 131 Prof Vaidyanathan’s book, Caste as Social Capital, challenges several myths relating to the working of the caste system in India. Noting that while caste is commonly identified with oppression and discrimination, he points out that it also h...

Outreach 
View:CDS is 1st step towards higher organisation reforms Published in The Economic Times on 17 August 2019....

New govt’s foreign policy agenda needs comprehensive approach Published in The Economic Times on 3rd June 2019....

CPEC core reson of dispute Published in March April issue of India China Chronicle....

बढ़ता तनाव, गहराती आशंकाएं Published in Hindustan (Hindi) on 21 May 2019....

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