Indian Foreign Service (1979; Retired);
Former Deputy National Security Adviser and Secretary, National Security Council Secretariat (NSCS), (2014-17); Joint Secretary, NSCS on deputation from Ministry of External Affairs; 1999-2007. Dealt with a wide range of national security issues within the NSC structures. Had wide ranging interaction in official capacity with delegations of other countries.

Former Director General, Institute for Defence Studies and Analysis (IDSA), New Delhi (2012-14); Lal Bahadur Shastri Chair National Security, IDSA, 2008-2011. Conducted track 2 level interactions with think tanks of other countries. IDSA is entirely funded by the Ministry of Defence.
Served in Indian diplomatic missions in Moscow, London, and Ankara. Dealt with Afghanistan, Kashmir, Soviet Union, Russia, and Central Asia in the Ministry of External Affairs.

MSc (Physics), Delhi University (1974); Visiting Member Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (1974-76). M.Phil (1988) and PhD, School of International Studies JNU (1991);

Interested in problems of national and international security; foreign policy, issues of defence strategy; ancient Indian thought; nation building, science and technology etc.

Has written four books and co-edited several. His book How India Manages Its National Security was published by Penguin Random House in 2018.

Contributions 
Pakistan’s National Security Policy 2022-26: Some New Elements but No Shift on India The Imran Khan government has produced the country’s first ever National Security Policy (NSP) document that outlines Pakistan’s approach to national security and provides guidance to the government departments. A public version of the document h...

Kazakh Protests: What Next? On the 4th 5th and 6th January 2022, Kazakhstan was convulsed by the most violent of protests since 1989. While the situation has been controlled for now by swift, strong state action, the event is likely to have wide-ranging internal, regional and g...

पाकिस्तान में हालात: इमरान खान सरकार पर बनता-बढ़ता दबाव इमरान खान की सरकार फिसलन भरी है। नए डीजी आइएसआइ की नियुक्ति के एक अनोखे मामले पर सरकार और सेना क...

Geopolitical trends of 2021 and impact on India 3 January 2022 The year 2021 saw numerous upheavals and developments shaping the world and will certainly stand out as a difficult year with some promising developments. As the world steps into the new year, join Dr Arvind Gupta, Director VIF and...

Likely Geopolitical Trends in 2022 We should expect a sharpening of great power rivalries and an increase in geopolitical tensions in 2022. If 2021 provides any indications, the world is likely to remain turbulent in the absence of credible mechanisms and effective cooperation to reso...

Book Published / Book Reviews 
Opportunities for India in a Changing World We are living in an era of extraordinarily fast paced change. The Covid-19 pandemic has turned the world upside down and deepened political, economic and social uncertainties. The post-World War order set up in 1945 by the Western countries is under ...

AATMANIRBHAR BHARAT: A Vibrant and Strong India Neither development without self-pride nor self-pride without development are desirable. Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s call for Aatmanirbhar Bharat or a self-reliant India on 12 May 2020 goes beyond mere economic self-reliance. ...

India’s Foreign Policy: Surviving in a Turbulent World Written by foreign policy experts, academics and practioners, this book develops the frameworks and strategies for India’s foreign policy that can be adopted to meet the emerging challenges and non-traditional threats in the new world order. It stu...

Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam - Relevance of India’s Ancient Thinking to Contemporary Strategic Reality The adoption of 21st June as International Day of Yoga by the United Nations General Assembly in 2014, in response to an India-led resolution with a record high number of co-sponsors, was a landmark event. In this backdrop, it is all the more importa...

Sreeram Chaulia, Trumped; Emerging power in a post-American world, 2019, Bloomsbury, New Delhi. Sreeram Chaulia’s thought-provoking book, Trumped; Emerging Powers in a Post-American World is likely to trigger a debate on the impact of the disruption in the global order brought out by Trump’s ‘America First’ policy. The author...

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