Indian Foreign Service (1979; Retired);
Former Deputy National Security Adviser and Secretary, National Security Council Secretariat (NSCS), (2014-17); Joint Secretary, NSCS on deputation from Ministry of External Affairs; 1999-2007. Dealt with a wide range of national security issues within the NSC structures. Had wide ranging interaction in official capacity with delegations of other countries.

Former Director General, Institute for Defence Studies and Analysis (IDSA), New Delhi (2012-14); Lal Bahadur Shastri Chair National Security, IDSA, 2008-2011. Conducted track 2 level interactions with think tanks of other countries. IDSA is entirely funded by the Ministry of Defence.
Served in Indian diplomatic missions in Moscow, London, and Ankara. Dealt with Afghanistan, Kashmir, Soviet Union, Russia, and Central Asia in the Ministry of External Affairs.

MSc (Physics), Delhi University (1974); Visiting Member Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (1974-76). M.Phil (1988) and PhD, School of International Studies JNU (1991);

Interested in problems of national and international security; foreign policy, issues of defence strategy; ancient Indian thought; nation building, science and technology etc.

Has written four books and co-edited several. His book How India Manages Its National Security was published by Penguin Random House in 2018.

Contributions 
दान से बांध का निर्माण ! पाकिस्तान की आर्थिक स्थिति इतनी खराब है कि उसे हजारों करोड़ रुपये की बुनियादी ढांचा परियोजनाएं ...

संवाद – टोक्यो में संपन्न चौथी संगोष्ठी – रिपोर्ट प्रधानमंत्री नरेंद्र मोदी और जापान के प्रधानमंत्री शिंजो आबे ने टकराव दूर रखने और एशियाई क्षे...

Building Dams with Donations So dire is Pakistan’s financial health that it has been reduced to mobilise money from individual donors to build infrastructure projects which will cost hundreds of thousands of crores of rupees. In his first speech after becoming the Prime Minist...

दक्षिण चीन सागर के लिए आचार संहिता पर चीन-आसियान वार्ता मीडिया में ऐसी खबरें आई हैं कि चीन और दस आसियान देश दक्षिण चीन सागर में आचार संहिता के लिए बातची...

China-ASEAN Negotiations on Code of Conduct for the South China Sea It has been reported in the media that China and the ten ASEAN countries have agreed on a single draft of a negotiating text for a Code of Conduct (COC) in the South China Sea (SCS). The formal announcement may be made soon. Negotiations on COC will ...

Contact Us