Indian Foreign Service (1979; Retired);
Former Deputy National Security Adviser and Secretary, National Security Council Secretariat (NSCS), (2014-17); Joint Secretary, NSCS on deputation from Ministry of External Affairs; 1999-2007. Dealt with a wide range of national security issues within the NSC structures. Had wide ranging interaction in official capacity with delegations of other countries.

Former Director General, Institute for Defence Studies and Analysis (IDSA), New Delhi (2012-14); Lal Bahadur Shastri Chair National Security, IDSA, 2008-2011. Conducted track 2 level interactions with think tanks of other countries. IDSA is entirely funded by the Ministry of Defence.
Served in Indian diplomatic missions in Moscow, London, and Ankara. Dealt with Afghanistan, Kashmir, Soviet Union, Russia, and Central Asia in the Ministry of External Affairs.

MSc (Physics), Delhi University (1974); Visiting Member Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (1974-76). M.Phil (1988) and PhD, School of International Studies JNU (1991);

Interested in problems of national and international security; foreign policy, issues of defence strategy; ancient Indian thought; nation building, science and technology etc.

Has written four books and co-edited several. His book How India Manages Its National Security was published by Penguin Random House in 2018.

Contributions 
इमरान खान का चीन दौरा, राहत पैकेज पर चीन की चुप्पी पाकिस्तान के प्रधानमंत्री इमरान खान का बहुप्रतीक्षित चीन दौरा 2 से 5 नवंबर के बीच संपन्न हुआ। यह...

America First: Foreign Policy of Mr. Trump Several recent episodes have brought out the nature of the ‘America First’ policy of President Trump. What is then the place of cherished values of human rights and free trade in the US foreign policy today?
Human Rights
The first ...

Moscow Regional Consultations on Afghanistan: Can India Play a Role? On 9 November 2018, Moscow organised regional consultations on Afghanistan which were attended by the Taliban’s Qatar office and the representatives of the Afghan High Peace Council. This was the first time that the Taliban and the representatives ...

Imran Khan’s China visit: China’s Deafening Silence on Financial Bailout Imran Khan ’s much anticipated China visit took place from 2 to 5 November 2018 in the backdrop of Pakistan's desperate requirement of a financial bailout due to mounting balance of payment crisis, the rising concerns about the unsustainability of...

SAMVAD Series of Conferences - India and Japan Find a Common Language on Shared Values Prime Minister Modi’s official visit to Japan in October 2018 has greatly cemented the India-Japan Special Strategic and Global Partnership. The two countries are building a relationship on common values rooted in their ancient cultures. The Vision...

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