Make in Japan to Made in Japan: Indigenisation Lessons from the Imperial Japanese Navy 1880-1941
Rear Admiral Sudarshan Y Shrikhande, AVSM, IN, (Retd)

In 1868 or even in 1880s, Japan lagged behind even colonial India in many parameters including technical infrastructure, education, railways, etc. Neither was it a rich nation. Perhaps the corollary to it never being too early for achieving Jiritsu in defence hardware, is that it is never too late or too early to begin the journey towards ​swavalamban (self-reliance)​.

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