VIF News Digest: International Developments (US, Europe and Russia), 1-15 December 2020
Dr Himani Pant, Associate Fellow, VIF
I. United States
Politics and Society
U.S. Tightens Visa Rules for Chinese Communist Party Members, 3 December 2020

The Trump administration on Wednesday issued new rules to curtail travel to the United States by members of the Chinese Communist Party and their immediate families, a move certain to further exacerbate tensions between the two countries. New guidelines mean that China’s 92 million party members will be limited to one-month, single-entry U.S. permits. Click here to read...

China the 'greatest threat to democracy and freedom', US spy chief warns, 3 December 2020

Director of national intelligence John Ratcliffe accuses Beijing of stealing US technology to aid military modernization plan. The top US intelligence official has stepped up Donald Trump’s attacks on Beijing, labelling China the biggest threat to democracy and freedom worldwide since the Second World War and saying it was bent on global domination. Click here to read...

Trump campaign challenges over 100,000 votes in Georgia, 4 December 2020

President Donald Trump’s campaign has filed another lawsuit seeking to overturn United States election results, this time contesting more than 100,000 votes in the state of Georgia. The new lawsuit, filed by the Trump campaign and Georgia’s Republican Party, alleges that “massive irregularities, mistakes, and potential fraud” took place in the state. It is the latest in a long line of legal challenges Trump has filed since the November 3 contest resulted in a victory for Democratic President-elect Joe Biden, who secured a total of 306 Electoral College votes compared with 232 for Trump. Biden won in Georgia, which has 16 electoral votes, by fewer than 15,000 votes, a margin of victory of 0.02 percentage points. It was the first time the state went to a Democratic presidential contender since 1992. Click here to read...

US House passes federal cannabis decriminalisation bill, 4 December 2020

The US House of Representatives has passed a bill to decriminalise cannabis at the national level for the first time. It calls for removing cannabis from the list of federally controlled substances and erasing certain federal convictions. It also supports reinvestment in communities adversely impacted by the decades-long "war on drugs". The bill is very unlikely to be taken up in the Republican-controlled Senate. The Marijuana Opportunity Reinvestment and Expungement (More) Act was passed in the lower chamber 228 to 164 on Friday afternoon, with five Republicans - and one independent - supporting the measure. To become law, the bill needs to pass the Senate and be signed by the president. If that happens, it could help bridge a major disconnect between national and state drug policy in the US. Click here to read...

Trump orders most US troops out of Somalia, 6 December 2020

President Donald Trump has ordered the Pentagon to remove the majority of the 700 U.S. military troops in Somalia from the country, according to a Pentagon statement. The order changes the mission American troops had to assist the local Somali military in its fight against al-Shabab, an al-Qaida affiliated group, but will allow counterterrorism strikes against the group to continue as needed. Click here to read...

U.S., EU say they do not recognize Venezuela parliamentary vote, 7 December 2020

The United States, the European Union and more than a dozen Latin American countries said they would not recognize the results of a parliamentary election in Venezuela, which saw allies of President Nicolas Maduro win a majority. Just 31% of 20 million eligible voters participated in Sunday’s election, less than half the turnout rate in the previous congressional elections in 2015. The opposition had boycotted the vote, calling it a farce meant to consolidate a dictatorship. The results nonetheless return the congress to Maduro’s control, despite an economy in tatters, an aggressive U.S. sanctions program, and a mass migration exodus. An alliance of parties called the Great Patriotic Pole that backs Maduro won 68.9% of the votes. Click here to read...

U.S. says it will bring first dispute under new trade agreement with Canada, over milk, 9 December 2020

The Trump administration announced that it was filing a challenge to measures that Canada uses to protect its dairy market, the first enforcement action taken under a new trade agreement that the countries agreed to last year. The Office of the United States Trade Representative said it was challenging Canada’s system of barriers to keep foreign products from flooding the market, which the United States said has undermined the ability of American dairy farmers to sell their goods into Canada. The United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement, which replaced the North American Free Trade Agreement this year, offers governments the ability to bring trade disputes if they believe others aren’t following the rules. Under the terms of the agreement, the United States and Canada will now enter consultations, and if the issue isn’t resolved the United States can request a special panel be formed to examine the matter. Click here to read...

Facebook faces U.S. lawsuits that could force sale of Instagram, WhatsApp, 10 December 2020

Facebook Inc could be forced to sell its prized assets WhatsApp and Instagram after the U.S. Federal Trade Commission and nearly every U.S. state filed lawsuits against the social media company, saying it used a “buy or bury” strategy to snap up rivals and keep smaller competitors at bay. With the filing of the twin lawsuits, Facebook becomes the second big tech company to face a major legal challenge this year after the U.S. Justice Department sued Alphabet Inc’s Google in October, accusing the $1 trillion company of using its market power to fend off rivals. Click here to read...

Brandon Bernard executed in Trump's final days, 11 December 2020

Death row inmate Brandon Bernard has been executed in Indiana after last-minute clemency pleas were rejected by the US Supreme Court. Bernard, 40, was convicted of murder in 1999 when he was a teenager, and is the youngest offender to be executed by the federal government in nearly 70 years. Four more executions are planned before the end of Donald Trump's presidency. If all five take place, Mr Trump will have overseen the most executions by a US president in more than a century. It would bring to 13 the total of federal executions since July. They break with a 130-year-old precedent of pausing executions amid a presidential transition. Click here to read...

U.S. Senate backs massive defense bill, defying Trump veto threat, 11 December 2020

The U.S. Senate threw its weight behind the annual National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA), a $740 billion bill setting policy for the Department of Defense, passing the bill with a margin large enough to overcome President Donald Trump’s promised veto. The vote in the Republican-controlled Senate was 84 to 13, more than the two-thirds majority needed in the 100-member chamber needed to override a veto, a rare break between members of the president’s party in Congress and the White House. The 13 ‘no’ votes were a mix of some of the most conservative Republicans and most liberal Democrats. Click here to read...

Trump administration moves forward with $1 billion Moroccan arms deal, 12 December 2020

President Donald Trump’s administration moved forward with $1 billion in sales of drones and precision-guided weapons to Morocco, sending a notice to Congress about the potential deals. The deal includes four MQ-9B Sea Guardian drones made by privately-held General Atomics, and Hellfire, Paveway and JDAM precision-guided munitions made by Lockheed Martin, Raytheon and Boeing. Click here to read...

US sanctions NATO ally Turkey over Russian S-400 defence missiles, 14 December 2020

US President Donald Trump’s administration has imposed sanctions on its NATO ally Turkey over its purchase of a Russian air defence system, setting the stage for a further confrontation between the two nations as President-elect Joe Biden prepares to take office. The move comes at a delicate time in relations between Washington and Ankara, which have been at odds for more than a year over Turkey’s acquisition from Russia of the S-400 missile defence system, along with Turkish actions in Syria, the conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan and in the eastern Mediterranean. The US had previously kicked Turkey out of its F-35 stealth fighter development and training programme over the purchase, but had taken no further steps despite persistent warnings from American officials who have long complained about the purchase of the S-400, which they say is incompatible with NATO equipment and a potential threat to allied security. Click here to read...

US investigating computer hacks of government agencies, 14 December 2020

Hackers broke into the networks of federal agencies including the Treasury and Commerce departments as U.S. government officials said that they were working to identify the scope of the breach and to fix the problem. The hacks were revealed just days after a major cybersecurity firm disclosed that foreign government hackers had broken into its network and stolen the company's own hacking tools. Many experts suspect Russia as responsible for the attack against FireEye, a major cybersecurity player whose customers include federal, state and local governments and top global corporations. Click here to read...

Health and Economy
Analysis: First U.S. delivery of COVID-19 vaccine will leave out many high-risk workers, 4 December 2020

The U.S. government’s first shipment of millions of coronavirus vaccine doses to be divided among states and federal agencies, including the Department of Defense, will fall far short of protecting high priority groups such as healthcare workers, a Reuters analysis has found. Across the country, state health departments are preparing local hospitals for the first shipments of Pfizer Inc’s COVID-19 vaccine if the U.S. Food and Drug Administration authorizes it, possibly as early as mid-December. The first shipment is expected to cover inoculations of 3.2 million people, nowhere near enough for the 21 million U.S. healthcare workers. And government officials said initial shipments would also go to five government agencies including the Departments of Defense, State and the Veterans Health Administration.

Spiralling COVID-19 cases driving up U.S. layoffs; inflation still benign, 11 December 2020

The number of Americans filing first-time claims for jobless benefits jumped to a near three-month high last week as mounting new COVID-19 infections led to more business restrictions, further evidence that the pandemic and lack of additional fiscal stimulus were hurting the economy. Click here to read...

U.S. administers first shots of Pfizer’s Covid vaccine, launching a historic rollout, 14 December 2020

The United States has started administering the first shots of Pfizer’s Covid-19 vaccine to health-care workers, marking a pivotal moment in the country’s long march to bring the virus under control. The vaccine comes at an urgent time, with the U.S. nearing 300,000 total Covid-19 deaths and top health officials warning that daily new deaths might not slow for months, even with a vaccine. The swift rollout of the vaccine promises to be a monumental logistical challenge. The federal government has partnered with UPS, FedEx, McKesson, CVS and Walgreens, among others, to help distribute the vaccine and actually administer it. Click here to read...

Perspective
Compromise or double down? US-Turkey relations after CAATSA sanctions, 15 December 2020

On December 14, the Trump administration sanctioned Turkey’s Presidency of Defense Industry (SSB), along with key individuals involved in the purchase of the Russian-made S-400 air and missile defense system. The sanctions authority comes from the August 2017 Countering America’s Adversaries Through Sanctions Act (CAATSA)designed to bind the hands of President Donald Trump to ensure that he could not unilaterally lift the sanctions placed on Russia for its interference in the 2016 presidential and congressional elections. The ball is now in Ankara’s court. The Turks have no shortage of ways they could respond to U.S. sanctions, but to reset relations with President-elect Biden, Ankara will have to consider how it intends to signal that it is ready to compromise. This transactional approach to foreign policy is exactly what Turkish officials have claimed they wanted; however, it requires that Ankara offer something to Washington as part of a mutually beneficial exchange. Ankara can offer not to deploy the system and allow Washington to verify that transaction in exchange for a pathway to the removal of sanctions. Ankara could, of course, choose to double down on its current policy and seek more arms from Russia. That is the decision Ankara now has to make, and the bilateral relationship now depends on Turkey’s next move. Click here to read...

II. Europe
Poland, Hungary PMs meet over EU budget veto strategy, 1 December 2020

Poland and Hungary have declared openness to new proposals from the European Union regarding the bloc’s next budget and major coronavirus pandemic aid package that they are threatening to veto because it draws a link between bloc funding and members’ adherence to democratic standards. Polish Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki hosted Hungarian counterpart Viktor Orban to discuss their protest strategy for the Dec. 10-11 EU summit and later European Council meeting that should approve the bloc’s urgently needed aid package and its 2021-2027 budget, totalling 1.8 trillion Euros ($2.1 trillion). Click here to read...

EU proposes a plan to revive U.S. ties and work with Biden, 2 December 2020

In a document entitled "A new EU-U.S. agenda for global change," the European Commission defined four major policy areas to focus on: health response, climate change, trade and tech, and security.Going forward, the EU said it wants a "transatlantic dialogue on the responsibility of online platforms and Big Tech, to find global solutions for fair taxation and market distortions in the digital economy." The commission wants stronger cooperation in tackling the coronavirus health emergency which has claimed nearly 1.5 million lives around the world. Click here to read...

Brexit: UK has lowered demands on fish catches, says EU, 2 December 2020

Boris Johnson has lowered his Brexit demands by asking EU fishing fleets to hand over up to 60% of the value of stocks it takes from British waters, but the gap with Brussels remains wide. In briefings to EU ambassadors and MEPs in Brussels, the bloc’s chief negotiator Michel Barnier said Downing Street had revised its demand down from 80%, but that it was unclear whether the divide could be bridged in the time remaining, prompting member states to caution against rushing into a deal. The EU has so far offered the repatriation of 15%-18% of the value of stocks caught in the Channel, Irish Sea and north-east Atlantic, a proposal dismissed as “derisory” by Downing Street. Click here to read...

European Democracy Action Plan: Remarks by Vice-President Vera Jourová, 3 December 2020

The Democracy Action Plan reacts on a number of new problems and risks including the rise of extremism, especially online; a lack of transparency and accountability of online platforms; insufficient application of rules relevant for elections in the digital world or sometimes lack of any rules; interference in democratic processes, and the deteriorating situation of the media and safety of journalists. The action plan includes: enforcing rules on fair competition in online public debates; protecting the integrity in the electoral process; involving and empowering the public; strengthening the media; fighting disinformation and interference. Click here to read...

Nokia Leads a 6G Wireless Project for European Union, 6 December 2020

Nokia Oyj is leading a group of companies and universities in a European Union funded wireless project called Hexa-X to help jump-start a new generation of mobile technology that’s already being called 6G. The group includes wireless gear making-peer Ericsson AB, mobile carriers Orange SA and Telefonica SA, and technology companies including Intel Corp. and Siemens AG. They’re joined by the University of Oulu and the University of Pisa, according to the membership list. Click here to read...

European Union and African Union sign partnership to scale up preparedness for health emergencies, 7 December 2020

The European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) and the Africa Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (Africa CDC) launched a new partnership initiative to strengthen the capacity of Africa CDC to prepare for and respond to public health threats in Africa. The four-year project ‘EU for health security in Africa: ECDC for Africa CDC', funded by the EU, will also facilitate harmonised surveillance and disease intelligence, and support the implementation of the public health workforce strategy of Africa CDC. Click here to read...

Venezuela: Declaration by the High Representative on behalf of the EU on the elections for the National Assembly, 7 December 2020

“The Venezuelan elections of 6 December 2020 for the National Assembly regrettably went ahead without a national agreement on electoral conditions and failed to comply with the minimum international standards for a credible process and to mobilise the Venezuelan people to participate. This lack of respect for political pluralism and the disqualification and prosecution of opposition leaders do not allow the EU to recognise this electoral process as credible, inclusive or transparent, and its results as representative of the will of the Venezuelan people…”.Click here to read...

European Union agrees on $2 trillion package -- but fudges deal on rule of law, 10 December 2020

The leaders of the European Union's 27 member states have reached a final agreement on the $2 trillion package designed to rebuild the bloc's faltering economies in the wake of the coronavirus recession. The package comprises the EU's €1.1 trillion ($1.3 trillion) Multi-annual Financial Framework, which is paid into by every member state and distributed across the bloc over a seven-year period, and a special Covid recovery fund of €750 billion ($858 billion), for which the EU will centrally raise money on financial markets and hand out as both loans and grants to member states. Click here to read...

EU leaders approve sanctions on Turkish officials over gas drilling, 11 December 2020

EU leaders have agreed to impose sanctions on an unspecified number of Turkish officials and entities involved in gas drilling in Cypriot-claimed waters – but they deferred bigger decisions such as trade tariffs or an arms embargo until they have consulted with the upcoming Biden administration. Click here to read...

EU chief negotiator still sees hope to clinch EU-UK deal, 14 December 2020

European Union chief negotiator Michel Barnier says he still has the firm belief that a Brexit trade agreement is possible, and has whittled the outstanding disputes to be settled ahead of the New Year to just two. Barnier said that the nine-month negotiations had come down to finding settlements on fair-competition rules and fishing rights, no longer mentioning the issue of legal mechanisms for resolving future disputes that also long dogged the negotiations. Click here to read...

EU unveils landmark law curbing power of tech giants, 15 December 2020

The European Union has unveiled landmark legislation that lays out strict rules for tech giants to do business in the bloc. The draft legislation, dubbed the Digital Services Act (DSA) and the Digital Markets Act (DMA), outlines specific regulations that seek to limit the power of global internet firms on the European market.Companies including Google, Apple, Amazon, Facebook and others could face hefty penalties for violating the rules. Click here to read...

Health and Environment
EU Sounds Cautionary Note on Virus with New Travel Guidance, 2 December 2020

European Union regulators offered a fresh set of safe-travel recommendations in bid to make it easier for people to cross national borders within the bloc while guarding against another resurgence of the coronavirus. The commission, the 27-nation EU’s regulatory arm, accompanied its latest recommendations with an appeal for prudence. “Like everything else this year, end-of-the-year festivities will be different,” EU Health Commissioner Stella Kyriakides said in a statement in Brussels. “We cannot jeopardize the efforts made by us all in the recent weeks and months.” Click here to read...

EU takes Bulgaria, Greece to court over toxic air, 3 December 2020

The European Commission will take Bulgaria and Greece to the EU Court of Justice after both countries breached air pollution limits for years despite multiple warnings. The two cases are the latest in a string of EU legal actions over poor air quality in countries including France, Italy and Romania, as Brussels seeks to clamp down on violations that threaten human health and the bloc’s pollution targets. The Commission said it will refer Bulgaria to the EU’s top court for exceeding legal limits on particulate matter from 2015-2019 even after the court ordered the country’s government to address the issue in 2017. Click here to read...

European Union leaders agree to reduce emissions after all-night talks, 11 December 2020

European Union leaders reached a hard-fought deal Friday to cut the bloc’s greenhouse gas emissions by at least 55% by the end of the decade compared with 1990 levels, avoiding a hugely embarrassing deadlock ahead of a U.N. climate meeting. Click here to read...

UK to stop funding overseas fossil fuel projects, 11 December 2020

Move follows EU member states’ agreement to 55% cut in carbon emissions by 2030 on verge of interim climate summit. The halt to funding for fossil fuels has been mooted since early this year, when the prime minister was stung by accusations of hypocrisy because the UK continued to fund such developments despite preparing to host the next round of vital UN climate talks, Cop26, in Glasgow. Click here to read...

Perspective
Hungary and Poland win at Merkel's last EU summit, 11 December 2020

Fellow EU leaders gave in to Poland and Hungary on rule of law in order to save the EU budget and coronavirus stimulus package, DW's Barbara Wesel writes. The governments of Hungary and Poland have now gained time to continue with their dismantling of democracy. They will regularly be reprimanded and sued, but that is water off a duck's back to them. As long as the European Union does not take serious action against them, Orban and Co. will go on unperturbed. And, in the end, the political debacle will be one that can barely be reined in. The compromise on the EU budget might have been necessary, but, unfortunately, it was a political mistake. Click here to read...

III. Russia
Politics and Society
Russia’s Sputnik V coronavirus vaccine trials launched in India, 1 December 2020

The Russian Direct Investment Fund (RDIF) and India’s Dr. Reddy's Laboratories pharmaceutical company have launched the second and the third phases of Sputnik V coronavirus vaccine clinical trials, the company said in a press release. This will be a multicentre and randomized controlled study, which will include safety and immunogenicity study," the statement notes. The statement also clarifies that the JSS Medical Research company is conducting the trials. Click here to read...

Russia, India kick off joint naval drills in Indian Ocean, 4 December 2020

Warships of Russia and India kicked off two-day joint naval drills in the eastern part of the Indian Ocean. The manoeuvres will run on December 4-5, Indian Navy Spokesman Vivek Madhwal said. The Indian Navy ships Shivalik and Kadmatt are carrying out the passage exercise (PASSEX) with the Russian Navy ships in the Eastern Indian Ocean Region, the statement says. Russia is represented in the joint naval exercise by the missile cruiser Varyag, the large anti-submarine warfare ship Admiral Panteleyev and the tanker Pechenga. During the drills, the warships from both countries will practice joint measures, the fight against underwater targets and helicopter operations. Click here to read...

Putin, Merkel discuss Nagorno-Karabakh conflict, Minsk agreements, 7 December 2020

Vladimir Putin had a telephone conversation with Federal Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany Angela Merkel. The situation around Nagorno-Karabakh was discussed in detail. Vladimir Putin reported on the mediation efforts undertaken to end hostilities, as well as on the activities of Russian peacekeepers deployed at the request of Baku and Yerevan along the contact line and the Lachin corridor. During the exchange of views on the intra-Ukrainian conflict, it was noted with satisfaction that, in general, the ceasefire was being respected, introduced in accordance with the “Measures to Strengthen the Ceasefire Regime” signed in July within the Contact Group. At the same time, concern was expressed over the lack of progress in the implementation of the political aspects of the 2015 Minsk agreements, as well as the decisions of the Normandy Four adopted a year ago at the Paris summit. The intention was confirmed to continue joint work in the "Normandy format", including through the political advisers of the leaders of Russia, the FRG, France and Ukraine. Click here to read...

Serbia Backs Russia Again in UN Vote on Crimea, 8 December 2020

Russia’s ally Serbia voted against a UN resolution urging Moscow to withdraw its forces from Ukraine’s Crimea region, again declining to follow the position of the EU, which it is seeking to join. Click here to read...

Russia accuses US-led West of attempting to ‘undermine’ its close relations with India, 9 December 2020

Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov has accused the US-led West of attempting to “undermine” Russia’s close partnership and privileged relations with India. Speaking at a meeting of the state-run think-tank Russian International Affairs Council via a video link, Lavrov said the West is seeking to reinstate the unipolar world order that would include all states but for Russia and China with which it would deal later. Click here to read...

Russia's State Duma Approves Bill Giving Ex-Presidents and Their Families Lifetime Immunity, 9 December 2020

Russia’s lower house of parliament has approved the final reading of a bill that would grant sweeping lifetime immunity to former presidents.The legislation approved by the State Duma on December 9 is part of a package of constitutional amendments approved in a referendum earlier this year that could potentially see President Vladimir Putin stay in power until 2036. Click here to read...

Russia to establish navy base in Sudan for at least 25 years, 9 December 2020

Russia has signed an agreement with Sudan to establish a navy base in the African nation for at least 25 years. The deal is being considered a part of Moscow's efforts to expand its global reach. In exchange for Sudan's permission to set up the base, Russia will provide Sudan with weapons and military equipment. It allows Russia to simultaneously keep up to four navy ships, including nuclear-powered ones, in Port Sudan on the Red Sea. The agreement lasts for 25 years and could be automatically extended for 10-year periods if none of the parties objects to it. Click here to read...

Russia restarts Nord Stream 2 pipeline construction despite U.S. sanctions, 11 December 2020

Russia has resumed construction of the politically-charged Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline to Germany, laying pipes after a one-year hiatus prompted by U.S. sanctions, the pipeline operator said. Swiss-Dutch company Allseas had suspended the laying of pipes in December 2019 following the threat of sanctions from Washington, leaving Russia to utilise its own resources to construct the 1,230-kilometre (km) pipeline, which is designed to double the 55 billion cubic metre annual gas capacity of the existing Nord Stream pipeline. Click here to read...

Russia successfully test launches heavy lift space rocket after long hiatus, 14 December 2020

Russia has successfully test launched its heavy lift Angara A5 space rocket after a six-year hiatus in a project President Vladimir Putin describes as having huge significance for national security. First test-launched in 2014, it is being developed to replace the Proton M as Russia’s heavy lift rocket, capable of carrying payloads bigger than 20 tonnes into orbit. A launch pad for the new rocket is due to open in 2021. Click here to read...

Putin Congratulates U.S. President-Elect Biden After Electoral College Confirmation, 15 December 2020

In a telegram, Vladimir Putin wished the President-elect every success and expressed confidence that Russia and the United States, which bear special responsibility for global security and stability, can, despite their differences, really contribute to solving many problems and challenges that the world is currently facing. The Russian President noted that with this in mind, Russian-American cooperation based on the principles of equality and mutual respect would meet the interests of the peoples of both countries and the entire international community. “For my part, I am ready for interaction and contacts with you,” the Russian head of state stressed.
Putin is among the last world leaders to congratulate Biden. The Kremlin had maintained that it would wait until the election results were officially confirmed to congratulate Biden. Click here to read...

Health and Economy
Russia rolls out COVID vaccination in Moscow, 5 December 2020

Russia has started distributing its COVID-19 vaccine, with Moscow as the focal point for people to participate in the first mass vaccination against the virus. The Russian-made Sputnik V vaccine will be distributed at 70 clinics around Moscow, but it has been made available first to doctors and other medical workers, teachers and social workers. The government has deemed these groups to be at the highest risk of exposure to the disease. Click here to read...

Putin points to slowly declining unemployment rate in Russia, 10 December 2020

President Vladimir Putin stated that the unemployment rate is declining slowly in Russia so it is too early to speak about any significant changes on the labour market. Speaking at a meeting on economic issues he called high unemployment "one of the key challenges at the present time," not only for Russia, but worldwide. The President noted that after the peak values in August, unemployment in the country had started to decline and now stands at about 6.3%. Click here to read...

Putin considers expansion of EAEU’s cooperation with other states important, 11 December 2020

Russian President Vladimir Putin has announced plans to expand cooperation between the Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU) and other countries. Particularly, the issue is about providing Uzbekistan and Cuba with an observer status in the integration. Click here to read...

Perspective
Turkish-Russian Relations Before and After the Six-Week War in the Caucasus, 10 December 2020

The success of Turkish-Russian cooperation in the peacekeeping mission in Karabakh, along with their political engagement with Armenia and Azerbaijan matters a lot, if the goal of bringing peace and prosperity to the region is to be reached in the future. Click here to read...

Contact Us