U.S. Department of Defence Annual Report of 2020 on China’s Military Power: Implications for India’s Maritime Security
Shashank Sharma, Senior Fellow, VIF

The US Department of Defence (DoD) Annual Report of 2020 on China Military Power released in September 2020 brings out China’s meteoric military progress in recent years. The report states that China is already ahead of the United States in certain areas such as shipbuilding, land-based conventional ballistic and cruise missiles, and integrated air defence system. The report inter alia suggests that as of end 2019, China has the world’s largest navy, the world’s largest coast guard, the Indo-Pacific’s largest air forces, the world’s largest sub-strategic missile forces, one of the world’s largest and most sophisticated surface-to-air missile forces–part of an Integrated Air Defence System architecture within 300 nm (556 km) of its coast, and the world’s leading maritime militia. This paper aims to bring out the implications of China’s increased military power revealed in the US DoD’s Annual Report of 2020 on India’s maritime military security.

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