Commentaries & Articles
Growing Pakistani Arsenal; Implications for India
Indian policy and strategic establishment is exhibiting little or no concern about growing Pakistani nuclear arsenal, this is despite the fact that Pakistan is touted to have more nuclear weapons than UK and has emerged as the fifth largest nuclear weapon state behind, USA, Russia, China and France.
Ombudsman or Lokpal?
As early as 1809, Sweden created an Ombudsman whose main job was to provide a forum for ventilation and remedy of public grievances against government and its officials for their inaction or unjust actions. Obviously corruption was not so much an issue for Sweden, but arbitrariness and wilfulness of government was an issue which agitated the people.
Allergies from The Arab Spring in India
The tremors from the convulsions wracking the Arab world are being felt in India too, in the amplitude that the Hazare drama is acquiring. This may not be grasped immediately as independent India has an autonomous record of organising non-violent political and social protests that have undone governments in the past, especially on the moral issue of corruption.
PM Bails Out Pakistan
To compensate Pakistan for the losses caused by the flood last year, the European Council offered it tariff concession on 75 items. India had opposed it on the ground that it would hurt the interest of our exporters. The Prime Minister’s decision to reverse India’s position not only comes as a surprise but also shows he is soft on Pakistan According to a recent newspaper report, the Prime Minister has “ordered officials to withdraw India’s official opposition at the World Trade Organisation to a concessional trade package offered by the European Union to Pakistan.”
Handling Public Agitations and Movements
India is witnessing a situation in which a group of people claiming to represent the civil society have launched a movement whose stated objective is to eliminate corruption but whose focussed objective is to make government legislate a Bill to create the institution of Lokpal (Ombudsman), or a people’s watchdog. There is nothing very original about the concept of a Lokpal because in the Scandinavian countries, in particular Sweden, the office of ombudsman has been in existence since the early twentieth century.
Actors and Reactors
The Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) in its June meeting has ended up by legitimizing the supply of two additional nuclear reactors to Pakistan by China. The basis of this approval is murky. The NSG guidelines do not permit members to engage in nuclear commerce with a country that has not put all its nuclear facilities, source and fissionable materials under International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) safeguards. In joining the cartel as a member in 2004, China accepted to abide by its restrictive rules. Pakistan, as a non-NPT country, is outside the IAEA’s full scope safeguards regime.
Whither Education?
A task force set up by the Ministry of Human Resource Development, which was chaired by Prof. Sanjay Dhande, Director, IIT, Kanpur has looked at the question of faculty shortages in Indian universities and colleges. In 2008 it was calculated that on the basis of a teacher-student ratio of 1:13.5 Indian needed another 3,83,000 faculty members. The faculty shortage was as high as fifty-four percent of the needed strength.
VIF News Digest
Defense, National Security and Terrorism, VIF Alerts
December 12, 2019
VIF News Digest: National Security - Defence Studies & Terrorism, 16 - 30 November, 2019

Defence: Curtain Raiser: Exercise Mitra Shakti-VII: 2019; HIM VIJAY Military Exercise; Curtain raiser: Indo-Nepal joint...

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International Development
December 5, 2019
VIF News Digest: International Developments (US, UK, Russia and Africa), 18 November- 3 December 2019

THE UNITED STATES White House will not participate in Judiciary Committee hearing: CNN, 2 December 2019 Neither President...

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Neighbourhood News
January 13, 2020
VIF Neighborhood News Digest: January 13, 2020

PAKISTAN Pakistan to have coherent national security policy by year end: Moeed: Dawn January 13, 2020 Prime Minister’s...

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The Vivekananda International Foundation (VIF) is a New Delhi-based think tank set up with the collaborative efforts of India's leading security experts, diplomats, industrialists and philanthropists under the aegis of the Vivekananda Kendra. The VIF’s objective is to become a centre of excellence to kick start innovative ideas and thoughts that can lead to a stronger, secure and prosperous India playing its destined role in global affairs.

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