Q. What are the measure taken by the authorities in regard to contain the cyber-attacks in the country?
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Replied by Anurag Sharma, Research Associate, VIF

The Indian Computer Emergency Response Team (CERT-In) is a federal agency to respond to cyber security related incidents in the country. The CERT-In gathers the information and issue advisories about malware infections in networks across various sectors. To strengthen the cyber security, the government of India has taken following measures:

- CERT-In issues advisories as countermeasures to protect computer systems and networks.
- Government of India has issued guidelines for Chief Information Security Officers (CISOs) regarding their key responsibilities for securing the cyber milieu of respective infrastructures.
- Prior to their hosting, all government websites are audited with respect to cyber security framework.
- The Cyber Crisis Management Plan (CCMP) has been formulated to counter cyber-attacks, by all State governments, and their respective institutions, including critical sectors.
- The Cyber Swachhta Kendra (Botnet Cleaning and Malware Analysis Centre) has been formed. The centre is providing detection of malicious programs and free tools to remove the same.

Further Reading/Sources:

- CERT-In, “Cyber Swachhta Kendra”, Available from: https://www.cyberswachhtakendra.gov.in/ . Accessed on 19 July 2021.
- Utreja, Savita. CERT-In. “Cyber Crisis Management Plan for Countering Cyber Attacks and Cyber Terrorism”, 2017, Available from: file:///D:/VIF/Cyber%20Security/Documents/CIPS-2017-0121.pdf . Accessed on 19 July 2021.
- Ministry of Home Affairs. “Starred Question: *393”, Lok Sabha, 23 March 2021, Available from: . Accessed on 19 July 2021.

Date : 21/07/2021
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