Q. Why doesn't India raise China's repression in Xinjiang, Taiwan, Tibet Occupation or Hong Kong democracy movement? China uses UN platform, media and government officials to criticize Indian government's "atrocities and illegal occupation of J&K". India follows the doctrine of non-interference in domestic matters of other nations, but why does China not reciprocate the same?
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Replied by Dr Teshu Singh

India doesn’t raise the issue of Xinjiang, Taiwan, Tibet and Hong Kong because the government of India follows the “One China Policy”. It implies that countries that have diplomatic relations with the People’s Republic of China should acknowledge the existence of one only country called China. It is essentially related to the Taiwan/ Republic of China. Support for this policy is a precondition for any country to establish diplomatic relations with China. China has been quite successful in this policy. In the last four years, China has enticed eight countries (Kiribati, Solomon Islands, El Salvador, Burkina Faso, Dominican Republic, Panama, Gambia and Sao Tome and Principle) to cut diplomatic ties with Taiwan.

India has often raised the issue of “One China Policy” with China. In 2013, in the joint statement, India manifested ambiguity in her position. In 2014, Indian Foreign Minister had noted; if Beijing wants India to respect ‘One China’ policy, it would also expect China to adopt a ‘One India’ policy.This was for the first time that India had articulated this position at a political level.

China using the United Nations platform to criticize Indian action in the state of Jammu and Kashmir is illegal. The development in the Jammu and Kashmir are internal matters of India similar to any development in Xinjiang or Tibet. By raising the issue, China actually destroyed the Astana declaration that states: “differences should not become disputes”.

The stated aim of Chinese Foreign Policy is also non-interference in the internal matter of a country, however, there is always a dichotomy in Chinese actions and rhetoric.

Date : 21/10/2020
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