PK Khup Hangzo is an Associate Fellow at the Vivekananda International Foundation with a focus on internal security. Mr. Hangzo has a master’s degree in Strategic Studies from the S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies (RSIS), Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore. He acquired this degree in 2010 through the Research Analyst Study Award, a fully funded scholarship offered by NTU.

Mr. Hangzo has also previous work experience as a Research Analyst and an Associate Research Fellow at the Centre for Non-Traditional Security (NTS) Studies at RSIS, NTU, Singapore from 2008-2014. His research interests includes transnational crime (human trafficking, drug trafficking, wildlife trafficking, and arms trafficking), ethnic conflicts and insurgencies, and the geopolitics of transboundary rivers.

Contributions 
Rethinking National Security in an Age of Pandemics Introduction National security has traditionally been defined and understood in military terms. This notion of national security focuses on threats such as external armed aggression, Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD), terrorism, insurgenc...

The Wuhan Coronavirus Epidemic - Lessons for Governance Introduction Transparency or the sharing of accessible, timely, relevant, and accurate information in an open manner is a core component of good governance.1 More broadly, transparency refers to “the quality of being open, co...

Book Published / Book Reviews 
From Third World to First -The Singapore Story: 1965-2000. First Edition. By Lee Kuan Yew. New York: HarperCollins Publishers, 2000. 729 pp. ISBN 0-06-019776-5. Singapore has been called the 20th century’s “most successful development story” and is considered a model for economic development. Its stunning economic transformation has been described as a “miracle” and have been the subject of numerou...

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