National Security and Strategic Studies
Cyber Security
Pegasus— A Powerful Tool of WhatsApp Surveillance

The Facebook’s subsidiary company—WhatsApp, on 29 October 2019, filed a lawsuit in the United States California’s Northern District Federal Court against Israel-based cyber-arms1 firm— the NSO Group, for infecting ‘specific’ group of...

Shielding the Future Generation from Adverse Effects of Cyber Penetration

(This is an updated version of the Valedictory Address given by the author during the Responsible Netism 4th National Cyber Psychology Conference 2020 on ‘Child Online Protection’ organized by Ahaan Foundation and Cyber Peace Foundation at...

The New EU Guidelines on 5G: Some Lessons for India

In September 2019, the European Union (EU) came up with a set of guidelines1 for the introduction of 5G communication technologies in the member countries. The guidelines are considered essential for security of 5G networks. Cyber...

Global Norms for Stable Cyber Space: How Effective without Secure Supply Chain and Attribution to Attackers?

The Global Commission on the Stability of Cyber Space (GCSC), set up by The Hague Center for Strategic Studies and East-West Institute (EWI) in March 2017, in the Munich Security Conference will shortly release its report on norms of responsible...

A Tale of two UN Resolutions on Cyber-security

In December 2018, the UN General Assembly (UNGA) adopted two important resolutions: 73/271 on ‘Developments in the Field of Information And Telecommunications in The Context of International Security’; and, 73/2662 on ‘...

A Threat Looming Large: India must display Resolve and Unity

India is in transition in many ways: From agricultural to industrial to information age with constantly varying coincidence amongst them. There is transformation to digital economy, new tax regime, infrastructure development and extension of...

Overdependence on ZTE in India

In 2008, ZTE, a China based telecom company, set up a research centre in India after starting operations in 2003. The sales revenue of the company at the time in India was 750 million USD compared to 100 million USD in 2004.1 By 2013,...

Now to Determine a Deterrence

Published in Economic Times on 4 July 2018.

Cyber Warfare in the Indian Context

The Cyber Space

The contemporary era is characterised by what has been described as the ‘information revolution’. This is a phenomenon in which automated processes are activated to marshal and manipulate huge volumes of digitised...

PLA’s Information Warfare Capabilities on an Upward Trajectory

In end February this year, Chinese President Xi Jinping formed a new working group at the apex level on cyber security and information security. While this was seen as the political leadership’s renewed efforts in underlining the threats and...

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