The end of cold war in 1991 and dawn of a new era in the global politics also had its concomitant impact on Vietnam and its approaches to foreign policy. While the earlier decades witnessed a series of conflicts the nineties saw Vietnam engaging multiple international players and becoming member of many multilateral organizations like ASEAN and others. For instance, it reestablished its full diplomatic ties with China in 1991 and was also able to reach a land border demarcation agreement in 1999 after having fought a war with China in 1979.
While the impact of the Bharatiya Janata Party's electoral debacle in Bihar and the public rift between the party's "veterans" and the current leadership on the course of domestic politics is uncertain, India's foreign relations will not normally be affected by these developments. Diplomats in Delhi and other observers abroad, including business houses, will of course analyse and assess the results of the Bihar elections for their meaning for Narendra Modi's leadership, parliamentary work, government's economic policies, investment prospects and so on.
The brutal serial attack in Paris resulting in death of 129 civilians besides injuring scores of others should not come as a surprise to anyone. The possibility of such a well-executed attack on in Europe have been doing the rounds ever since the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) established its caliphate in July 2014. It is just that their warnings were often neglected, or possibly, their capabilities to stage a carnage of this magnitude have been underestimated.
The One Belt One Road (OBOR) initiative of the Chinese has seen a number of international conferences hosted in China over the last two years, to debate and seek ideas from the global economic/strategic community on the optimum parameters and pre-requisites for the project. The first ever “Silk Road Think Tanks Network” (logo acronym “SiLKS”) was convened at Madrid on 28-29 Oct 2015.
The tragedy in Paris is most regrettable; loss of more than 160 innocent lives at the hand of extremist elements anywhere is despicable. Yet, the message coming out from this attack is that the world is nowhere near any guarantee of safety and security from elements that nurse grudges against society and follow and promote extreme ideologies. Details suggest that terrorists struck the Petit Cambodge Restaurant and Stade de France, in the latter location a match between France and Germany was in progress.
During his first year in office, Defence Minister, Manohar Parrikar gave a free hand to the army to act pro-actively on the LoC. He led from the front and worked closely with the leadership of the armed forces, the bureaucracy and his counterparts in the other ministries to put defence preparedness back on the rails and give a fillip to the stalled process of military modernisation. He put to use his management skills to set the right priorities for the Ministry of Defence (MoD) and the armed forces and the results have been good.
While the forthcoming elections are being seen as a further step in the ongoing transitions in Myanmar there is also a degree of skepticism that whether these elections would change the fundamental nature and character of the Constitution that guarantees the military a dominant role in ruling the country.
Despite being endowed with huge economic resources, Nepal with per capita income of US$ 700 is one of world’s most poor nations. This is so because the ruling hill elites have never been serious about the development of the country. Even after the restoration of multi-party system in Nepal in 1990, the economy could not improve on account of the decade-long insurgency (1996-2006).